ESDU AZ Index: TRTZ
 Discussion of Wing/Winglet Design to Reduce, 98013
 Flaps Deployed on Cambered and Twisted or Plane Wings, 01007
 effect of fuselage interference, 97003
 program for estimation for any flap and wing geometry, 01007
 tabulated values for selected flap and wing geometries, 01007
 Flaps Deployed on Plane Wing With Elliptical Loading
 theoretical increment due to full or partspan, AERO F.02.01.08
 Treatment in Drag Estimation Methods, 97016
 Use of Winglets to Reduce With Wing Lift and Root Bending Moment Constraint
 examples of various winglet lengths and cant angles, 98013
 Validity of Lifting Line Theory to Calculate, 98013
 Wings, 10022, 66031, 74035
 see
 Wakes
 Estimation of Wave Drag, AERO A.S.02.03.01
 see also
 Lag
 Aerofoils
 effect on drag, hinge and pitching moments, lift and pressure distribution, 01033
 effect on drag, lift, pitching moment, pressure distribution, 96028, 96029
 effect on liftcurve slope, 97020
 effect on profile drag, AERO W.02.04.00, AERO W.02.04.02, AERO W.02.04.03
 estimation of minimum profile drag for cambered or uncambered with fixed, 00027
 estimation of skin friction drag in presence of pressure field, 06001
 prediction for conditions of laminar separation/turbulent reattachment, 96028, 96029
 Aerofoils With RoofTop Pressure Distribution
 effect on profile drag, 67011
 Bodies of Revolution at Zero Incidence
 effect on boundary layer characteristics, 79020
 effect on profile drag, 78019
 Crossflow About Bluff Bodies
 Effect of Surface Roughness, AERO W.02.04.09
 Effect of Surface Waviness, AERO W.02.04.11
 Effect on LiftCurve Slope, AERO W.01.01.05
 Flat Plates at Zero Incidence
 effect on mean skin friction drag, 78019
 Flow in Straight Ducts
 generalised Reynolds number for prediction in nonNewtonian flow, 91025, 95012
 range of critical Reynolds number, 66027
 ForebodyCylinders at Supersonic Speeds
 effect on pitching moment derivative due to acceleration in heave, 91004
 Journal Bearings
 Reynolds number for superlaminar flow, 85028, 93006
 Method to Calculate Momentum Thickness Increase due to Transition Trip Using Sparsely Distributed Ballotini, 13013
 Preston's Criterion, 67011
 see
 Lubricants
 see also
 Aerodynamics Series
 see
 Similarity Laws
 Titanium Alloy (Ti6Al4V)
 influence on fatigue strength, 19002
 Ductile Materials, 73004, STRUCT 02.00.00
 Various InPlane Loadings
 stress concentration data, 80027
 see also
 Flat Plates
 Dynamic Response to Turbulence and Wind
 Mean Forces and Moments Due to Wind or Other Fluid Flows
 see
 Cams
 Cams with Domed or Flatfaced Followers
 Cams with Swinging Roller Followers
 Cams with Translating Roller Followers
 Ceramics
 Contact Phenomena
 Dry Rubbing Bearings
 Dynamic Viscosity
 Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication
 Filters
 Friction Coefficient
 Gears
 Graphite
 Grease in Rolling Bearings
 Journal Bearings
 Lubricants
 Lubrication Systems
 Porous Metal Bearings
 Reciprocating Seals
 Rolling Bearings
 Rolling Bearings for Specialised Applications
 Rotary Seals
 Rotors
 Selfcontained Bearing Assemblies
 Slideways
 Thrust Bearings
 Tribology Series
 Wear Resistant Surface Coatings and Treatments
 see also
 Tails
 Effect of Static Aeroelasticity for Conventional Transport Aircraft With Flexible Tailplane and Wing
 elevator trim margin in trimmed level flight or steady pullout, 97032
 Effect of Static Aeroelasticity for Conventional Transport Aircraft With Fuselage and Wing
 elevator manoeuvre trim margin in steady pullout, 96037
 elevator trim divergence speed, 96037
 elevator trim margin in level flight, 96027
 Effect of Static Aeroelasticity for Flexible Conventional Transport
 elevator angle for level flight or quasisteady symmetric manoeuvres, 99033
 Elevator Angle and Hinge Moment From Static Stability Concepts, 86021
 Elevator Angle Required
 in ground effect, 72023
 Estimation of Contribution to Drag From Longitudinal, 97016
 Estimation of Drag Due to Asymmetric Thrust or Other Source
 see
 Slotted Flaps
 see also
 Extreme Wind Speeds
 Mean Forces Due to Wind or Other Fluid Flow
 Strength Analysis
 see
 Orifices
 Stress Analysis
 Stress Concentration Data
 duct/plate junctions (duct on one side or through plate), 80027
 With External Flow
 With Internal Flow
 Banks of CircularSection Cylinders or Plain Tubes
 Banks of HighFinned Tubes
 Banks of LowFinned Tubes
 Heat Exchangers
 Pairs of CircularSection Cylinders or Plain Tubes
 Single CircularSection Cylinder or Plain Tube

 see
 Axial Force
 Base Pressure
 Bluff Bodies
 Critical Conditions in Fluid Flow
 Forced Convection Heat Transfer
 Free Convection Heat Transfer
 Normal Force
 Overturning Moment on Surfacemounted Structures
 Pressure Distribution
 Pressure Drop Across Obstructions in Ducts
 Profile Drag
 Response of Buildings and Structures
 Response of Buildings and Structures To Atmospheric Turbulence
 Response of Buildings and Structures To Vortex Shedding
 Response of Lightweight Structures
 Sideforce
 Vortex Shedding
 Small Groups of CircularSection Cylinders or Plain Tubes
 see
 Viscometers
 Pressure Drop Across, 66030
 Approximate Relationship Between Intake and Nozzle Areas, 81009
 Discussion of Installation Effects on Noise as Measured on Isolated Powerplant, 02020
 illustration of typical effects for static aircraft, 02020
 Discussion of Various Contributions to Noise, 02020
 including connsideration of combustion and core noise, 02020
 NonDimensional Relationships, 70020
 Specific Fuel Consumption
 variation with Mach number and bypass ratio, 73019
 Typical Break Down of Component Contributions to Noise, 02020
 for turbofan at takeoff and when landing, 02020
 radiation patterns in halfplane below engine axis, 02020
 Variation of Jet Velocity With ByPass Ratio, 02020
 BuzzSaw Tones Due to Supersonic Fan in Duct
 estimation of farfield pressure levels, 75020
 estimation of nearfield pressure levels, 75020
 Compressors in TurboFan or TurboJet Engines
 farfield with or without inlet guide vanes, single or multistage, 98008
 Description of Noise Generating Mechanisms for Axial Flow Compressors and Fans
 bladepassing frequency and shaftorder tones, and broadband noise, 02020
 Fans in TurboFan Engines
 farfield with or without inlet guide vanes, single or multistage, 98008
 see also
 Propeller Noise
 Effect on Diffuser Performance

 see
 Diffusers
 Effect on Forces and Moments on Circular and Non CircularSection Cylinders
 Effect on Forces and Moments on Lattice Frames and Towers
 Effect on Forces on Beams
 discussion, 82007
 Effect on Forces on Flat Plates

 see
 Normal Force
 Effect on Pressure Drop Across Tube Banks
 Intensity and Length Scales
 definitions, 74030
 Intensity for Specific Conditions in Internal Flow
 values, 70015, 71016, 74040, 79026, 80003, 80025, 81027, 81028
 Introduction to Estimation Using Concepts of Random Process Theory, 74030
 Length Scales for Longitudinal Components in Internal Flow
 values in lateral direction for specific conditions, 79026, 80025
 values in longitudinal direction for specific conditions, 70015, 71016, 80003
 values in vertical direction for specific conditions, 79026
 Reynolds Stress
 definition and explanation of Taylor's hypothesis, 74030
 Autocorrelation Functions
 equations as functions of separation distance, 85020
 relationship with spectral density, 85020
 Calculation of Response of Buildings and Structures to AcrossWind Components, 89049, 92036
 cylindrical structures, 92036
 Calculation of Response of Buildings and Structures to AlongWind Components
 linelike structures, 87035, 92036
 structures not linelike, 88019, 92036
 Calculation of Response of Cylindrical Structures to AcrossWind Components, 96031
 CoCoherence and QuadCoherence Functions
 phase for points separated laterally, longitudinally or vertically, 86010
 Coherence Function
 definition for crossspectral density function, 86010
 prediction for points separated laterally, longitudinally or vertically, 86010
 CrossCorrelation Functions
 expressed as sum of antisymmetric and symmetric components, 86010
 prediction with or without zerotime lag, 86010
 CrossSpectral Density
 relationship with coherence function, 86010
 Effect on Coherence of Ground Reflected and Direct Acoustic Waves, 94035
 Intensity for All Components
 correction of measured values to other conditions, 01008
 effect of height, mean wind speed and upwind terrain roughness, 85020
 effect of topographical features, 01008
 interrelationships of lateral components with longitudinal components, 85020
 lookup tables for flat terrain with upwind roughness changes, 84030
 program, 01008
 JointProbability Density Function
 normal (Gaussian) distribution, 86010
 Length Scales for All Components
 correction of measured values to other conditions, 01008
 effect of height, mean wind speed and upwind terrain roughness, 01008, 85020, 86010
 effect of topographical features, 01008
 in acrosswind direction, 86010
 in alongwind direction, 85020
 lookup tables for flat terrain with upwind roughness changes, 86035
 program, 01008
 Maximum Longitudinal Gust Speed
 correction of measured values to other conditions, 01008
 effect of height, mean wind speed and upwind terrain roughness, 01008, 83045, 84011
 effect of topographical features, 01008, 84011
 program, 01008
 Probability Density Function
 normal (Gaussian) distribution, 85020
 Reynolds Stress
 effect of height, mean wind speed and upwind terrain roughness, 85020
 Spectral Density for All Components
 effect of height, mean wind speed and upwind terrain roughness, 01008
 effect of topographical features, 01008
 Spectral Density for Lateral and Vertical Components
 effect of height and upwind terrain roughness, 85020
 Spectral Density for Longitudinal Component
 effect of height and upwind terrain roughness, 85020
 Derivation of Aircraft Performance Data from Turning Manoeuvre, TM 190
 Estimation of Instantaneous Flight Performance in Climb, Level Flight or Descent
 approximate thrust boundary, PERF EG8/1
 rate of turn, radius and bank angle, PERF EG8/1
 Program to Estimate Instantaneous and Sustained Flight Performance in Climb, Level Flight or Descent
 using known drag and thrust characteristics, 00031, 00032, 00033, 00034, 00035, 00036, 00037, 00038, 00039
 Taxiing
 fatigue loading, 75008
 Dynamic and Kinematic Viscosity
 temperature variation in liquid state, 66024
 see also
 Static Aeroelasticity
 Contribution to LiftDependent Drag of Swept Wings, 96025
 Contribution to ZeroLift Pitching Moment of Wings, 87001
 Effect on Conditions for Leading and TrailingEdge Separation on Wings, 88030
 Effect on Maximum Lift of Wings Without High Lift Devices, 89034
 Effect on ZeroLift Angle of Attack of Wings, 87031
 Spanwise Distribution
 effect on trailing vortex drag with or without trailingedge flaps deployed, 01007
 program for effect on spanwise load distribution on wings in subsonic flow, 95010
 Wing Contribution to Rolling Moment Due to Yawing
 Calculation of Diameter in Constant Diameter Piping System
 from known heat transfer, mass flow rate and pressure drop, 78018
 worked example under choking conditions, 78018
 Calculation of Mass Flow Rate in Piping System
 from known heat transfer, pipe geometry and pressure drop, 78018
 worked example for oil pipeline, 78018
 Calculation of Pressure Loss in Straight Pipes
 from known heat transfer, mass flow rate and pipe geometry, 78018
 worked example for vertical boiler tube, 78018
 Choking Conditions
 estimation, 78018
 table of values for steamwater mixtures, 76018
 Discussion of Forms of Flow Instability, 78018
 Discussion of Occurrence of Choking, 78018
 DriftFlux Model With Empirical Correction, 88014
 use to predict gravity component of pressure loss, 88014
 Estimation of Pressure Loss in Pipe Fittings
 bends, orifice plates, sudden contractions and valves, 89012
 effect of flow regime and orientation on accuracy, 89012
 Estimation of Pressure Recovery in Sudden Expansions, 89012
 Flow Patterns, FMI2
 effect on accuracy of pressure loss estimation in pipe fittings, 89012
 illustration of annular, bubbly, churn and slug flow, FMI2
 prediction of transition from annular to churn flow, 88014
 Taitel and Dukler prediction of annular, bubble, intermittent (plug/slug), stratified, 01014
 use in selection of best prediction method for pressure loss in horizontal pipes, 01014
 Guide to Calculation Procedures, 78018
 Guide to Variables Affecting Flow, FMI2
 see
 Tropical Storms
 Planing of an Aircraft Tyre, 15003
Explore ESDU
ESDU Series:
 Aerodynamics
 Aircraft Noise
 Composites
 Dynamics
 Fatigue  Endurance Data
 Fatigue  Fracture Mechanics
 Fluid Mechanics, Internal Flow
 Fluid Mechanics, Internal Flow (Aerospace)
 Heat Transfer
 Mechanisms
 Performance
 Physical Data, Chemical Engineering
 Stress and Strength
 Structures
 Transonic Aerodynamics
 Tribology
 Vibration and Acoustic Fatigue
 Wind Engineering
ESDU Packages:
Copyright © 2020 IHS Markit. All Rights Reserved