ESDU Fluid Mechanics, Internal Flow (Aerospace) Series
Methods and data are given for use by the plant engineer, design engineer or consultant in the day- to- day evaluation of fluid flow through various piping systems. Hand calculation methods and computer programs based on empirically-derived correlations and numerical methods provide rapid and reliable estimates of fluid flow parameters. The limits of applicability are stated and guidance is given on the maximum tolerance to be allowed on the predictions.
Section 1: Organisational Documents
Fluid Mechanics, Internal Flow Series: Record of Documents.
- ESDU 04021
Section 2: General
Section 3: Compressible Flow Relationships
Jet flow parameters
One-dimensional compressible gas flow in ducts.
One-dimensional representation of steady, spatially non-uniform flow. An equivalent mean-value set for compressible flow. Part 1. Implementation for an ideal, calorically-perfect gas.
One-dimensional representation of steady, spatially non-uniform flow. An equivalent mean-value set for compressible flow. Part 2. Implementation for an ideal, thermally-perfect gas.
Computer program for calculation of mean value properties for non-uniform compressible flows.
ESDU TM 148
ESDU TECHNICAL MEMORANDUM The implications of flow property profiles on determination and application of non-dimensional pressure loss coefficients for flow of incompressible fluids
- ESDU 67035
Section 4: Straight Pipes
Friction losses for fully-developed flow in straight pipes.
Friction losses for fully-developed flow in straight pipes of constant cross section - subsonic compressible flow of gases.
Losses caused by friction in straight pipes with systematic roughness elements.
ESDU TN 08008
CFD studies for the validation of friction losses and flow characteristics in circular straight pipes with smooth walls
ESDU TN 08009
CFD validation studies for transitional flow in circular straight pipes with smooth walls
- ESDU 66027
Section 5: Bends, Branches and Junctions
Pressure losses in three-leg pipe junctions: dividing flows.
Pressure losses in three-leg pipe junctions: combining flows.
Pressure losses in curved ducts: single bends.
Pressure losses in curved ducts: interaction factors for two bends in series.
Pressure losses in curved ducts: coils.
- ESDU 73022
Section 6: Duct Fittings and Equipment
Pressure losses in flowmetering devices.
Pressure losses in valves.
Pressure drop in ducts across round-wire gauzes normal to the flow.
Pressure loss during crossflow of fluids with heat transfer over plain tube banks without baffles.
Crossflow pressure loss over banks of plain tubes in square and triangular arrays including effects of flow direction.
Pressure losses caused by obstructions in ducts or pipes.
Flow of liquids. Pressure losses across orifice plates, perforated plates and thick orifice plates in ducts.
Compressible flow of gases. Pressure losses and discharge coefficients of orifice plates, perforated plates and thick orifice plates in ducts.
ESDU TN 07007
Incompressible flow through orifice plates - a review of the data in the literature.
ESDU TN 10013
CFD validation studies for incompressible flow through square-edged orifice plates.
- ESDU 66030
Section 7: Ejectors and Jet Pumps
Ejectors and jet pumps: computer program for design and performance for compressible gas flow.
Ejectors and jet pumps: computer program for design and performance for liquid flow.
Ejectors and jet pumps. Design and performance for incompressible liquid flow.
Ejectors and jet pumps. Design for steam driven flow.
Ejectors and jet pumps: computer program for design and performance for steam/gas flow.
- ESDU 92042
Section 8: Duct Expansions
Flow through a sudden enlargement of area in a duct.
Introduction to design and performance data for diffusers.
Performance of conical diffusers in incompressible flow.
Performance in incompressible flow of plane-walled diffusers with single-plane expansion.
Performance of circular annular diffusers in incompressible flow.
Performance improvement of axial diffusers for incompressible flow.
Performance of conical diffusers in subsonic compressible flow.
ESDU TM 19
ESDU TECHNICAL MEMORANDUM Effects of truncation on diffuser performance.
- ESDU 72011
Section 9: Duct Contractions
Section 10: Rotating Machinery
Section 11: CFD Guides
ESDU CFD-BPG 09010
CFD Best Practice Guidelines for modelling friction losses and flow characteristics in straight pipes.
ESDU CFD-BMK 09011
CFD Benchmarks for predicting friction losses and flow characteristics in straight pipes.
ESDU CFD-BPG 07008
CFD Best Practice Guidelines for modelling pressure loss and flow characteristics. Incompressible flow in sudden contractions.
ESDU CFD-BMK 07009
CFD Benchmarks for predicting pressure loss and flow characteristics. Incompressible flow in sudden contractions.
ESDU CFD-BPG 11010
CFD Best Practice Guidelines for modelling pressure losses and flow characteristics in square- and knife-edged orifice plates
- ESDU CFD-BPG 09010
- Aircraft Noise
- Fatigue - Endurance Data
- Fatigue - Fracture Mechanics
- Fluid Mechanics, Internal Flow
- Fluid Mechanics, Internal Flow (Aerospace)
- Heat Transfer
- Physical Data, Chemical Engineering
- Stress and Strength
- Transonic Aerodynamics
- Vibration and Acoustic Fatigue
- Wind Engineering