ESDU AZ Index: SHISOK
 Description of Origins in Gas Turbine Exhaust and Typical Spectrum, 02020
 Cones
 effect of cone angle and Mach number, 70008, 70009, 70010, AERO S.00.03.16
 Wedges
 effect of wedge angle and Mach number, AERO S.00.03.16
 effect of wedge angle, specific heat capacity and Mach number, AERO 00.03.30
 Description, AERO W.S.00.03.03
 Buffeting at Transonic Speeds Caused by Oscillation and Induced Separation on Aerofoils, 87012
 Conical
 detachment conditions, 70008, 70009, 70010, AERO S.00.03.16
 flow deflection in conical flow field, 70009
 inclination to upstream flow direction, 70008, AERO S.00.03.13
 Mach number in conical flow field, 70010
 Normal
 air in dissociation equilibrium, AERO S.00.03.22
 downstream Mach number and downstream static pressure, 69026
 downstream stagnation pressure, 69026, 82018
 ratio of static to total pressure behind in hypersonic flow, 93020
 various specific heat capacity ratios, AERO 00.03.28
 Oblique
 air in dissociation equilibrium, AERO S.00.03.23
 detachment conditions, AERO 00.03.30, AERO S.00.03.16
 downstream Mach number, AERO S.00.03.09, AERO W.S.00.03.05
 downstream static pressure, AERO 00.03.30, AERO S.00.03.09, AERO S.00.03.14, AERO W.S.00.03.05
 downstream total pressure, AERO S.00.03.09
 inclination to flow direction, AERO S.00.03.09
 On Aerofoils at High Subsonic Freestream Mach Numbers
 behaviour with varying Mach number and angle of attack, 90008
 On Swept Wings
 design considerations to minimise drag rise in transonic flow, 97017
 typical patterns at transonic speeds, 90008
 Separation Induced by
 see
 Aluminium Alloy Bars and Plates
 Aluminium Alloy Sheets
 AluminiumLithium Alloy Bars
 AluminiumLithium Alloy Plates and Sheets
 Austenitic Stainless Steels
 High Tensile Low Alloy Steels
 Low Tensile Low Alloy Steels
 Titanium Alloy (Ti6Al2Sn4Zr6Mo)
 Titanium Alloy (Ti6Al4V)
 Titanium Alloy (Ti6Al5Zr0.5Mo0.25Si)
 Titanium Alloys
 Consideration of Resulting Surface Finish and Effect on Fatigue Strength, 19004
 Effect on Fatigue Strength
 comparison with effect of other surface treatments, 89031
 discussion of advantages and limitations, 89031
 helical springs, 83002
 splined steel shaft assemblies, 73002
 Effect on Fatigue Strength of Helical Steel Springs, 19003
 Effect on Fretting Fatigue of Aluminium Alloys, 89004
 Effect on Fretting Fatigue of Titanium Alloys, 88027
 Need to Consider Use of Treatment at Design Stage, 19004
 Parameters Affecting Depth of Plastically Deformed Material, 19004
 Use of Almen Strip to Assess Intensity, 19004
 AngleSection Beams, 82007
 effect of incidence, yaw and velocity profile, 82007
 effect of interference when used in X or Tconfiguration, 82007
 ChannelSection Beams, 82007
 effect of incidence, yaw and velocity profile, 82007
 effect of interference when used in Hconfiguration, 82007
 EllipticalSection Cylinders Normal to Flow
 effect of incidence and section aspect ratio, 79026
 effect of turbulent shear flow for surfacemounted, 79026
 ForebodyCylinders at Mach Numbers Below 1.2 and Incidences Above 20?
 discussion of sources, 89014
 effect of Mach number and Reynolds number, 89014
 effect of nose blunting, 89014
 envelope of overall maximum with crossflow Mach number, 89014
 typical axial distributions, 89014
 Frameworks of FlatSided and/or Tubular Members, 81027
 effect of gusset plates and ancillary components, 81027
 effect of incidence and yaw, turbulence and velocity profile, 81027
 effect of roughness, taper and solidity, 81027
 HSection Beams, 82007
 effect of incidence, yaw and velocity profile, 82007
 Information on the use of Data Items on yawing moment and sideforce derivatives of an aircraft, AERO A.07.01.00
 InPlane of Single or ContraRotating Propellers at Low Forward Speeds
 due to local angle of sideslip, 89047
 ISection Beams, 82007
 effect of incidence, yaw and velocity profile, 82007
 Lattice Towers of FlatSided and/or Tubular Members, 81028
 effect of chord member arrangement, 81028
 effect of gusset plates and ancillary components, 81028
 effect of incidence, turbulence and velocity profile, 81028
 effect of roughness and solidity, 81028
 MultiSided Section Cylinders Due to Vortex Shedding
 rms value obtained from twodimensional mean drag, 90036
 Pair of CircularSection Cylinders Normal to Flow on Axis Inclined to Sub or Supercritical Flow
 effect of axis inclination, 84015
 effect of roughness and spacing, 84015
 on downstream or upstream cylinder, 84015
 Pair of CircularSection Cylinders Normal to Flow on Axis Normal to Flow
 effect of spacing in subcritical flow, 84015
 Paraboloidal Antennas
 discussion of hysteresis effect, 82031
 effect of focal length and incidence, 82031
 effect of perforated or slatted surface, 82031
 effect of shear flow, 82031
 RectangularSection Cylinders Normal to Flow
 blockage effects in duct, 71016, 80024
 effect of edge rounding, 71016, 80003
 effect of section aspect ratio and turbulence in uniform flow, 71016
 effect of section aspect ratio, incidence and turbulence in shear flow, 80003
 effect of turbulent shear flow for surfacemounted, 80003
 SquareSection Cylinders Normal to Flow
 blockage effects in duct, 71016, 80024
 effect of edge rounding for various incidences, 71016, 80003
 effect of incidence and turbulence in shear flow, 80003
 effect of incidence and turbulence in uniform flow, 71016
 effect of turbulent shear flow for surfacemounted, 80003
 SurfaceMounted CircularSection Cylinders
 effect of isolated spanwise protuberances, 81017
 TSection Beams, 82007
 effect of incidence, yaw and velocity profile, 82007
 TwoDimensional CircularSection Cylinders Inclined to Flow
 distributed roughness effects, 80025
 turbulence effects, 80025
 TwoDimensional CircularSection Cylinders Normal to Flow
 effect of isolated spanwise protuberances, 80025
 effect of nearby flat surface, 80025
 TwoDimensional RectangularSection Cylinders Normal to Flow
 effect of edge rounding, 71016
 effect of section aspect ratio and turbulence, 71016
 TwoDimensional SquareSection Cylinders Normal to Flow
 effect of edge rounding for various incidences, 71016
 effect of incidence and turbulence, 71016
 TwoDimensional Stranded Cables Inclined to Flow, 80025
 XSection Beams, 82007
 effect of incidence, yaw and velocity profile, 82007
 Contribution Due to Fin/Tailplane Combination
 subsonic attached flow, 83006
 Contribution Due to Wing (Zero Camber and Twist) in Attached Flow
 discussion of edge forces, 81014
 effect of compressibility, 81014
 effect of dihedral, 85006
 Use for Complete Aircraft of Data Items on Component Contributions
 accuracy, 85010
 comparison of experimental and predicted variation with incidence, 85010
 example, 85010
 Estimation at Low Speeds
 from geometry of rear fuselage and empennage, 87008
 End Plate Effect
 fins on tailplane, 92007
 tailplane on fin, 00025, 82010, AERO C.01.01.01
 Estimation for WingBody Combination, 00025, 79006
 Fin Contribution
 single fin (fuselage height/width near one), 00025, 82010
 single fin merging into fuselage including tailplane effects, AERO C.01.01.01
 single or twin fins at supersonic speeds, 91031
 single or twin fins (range of fuselage height/width), 93007
 tailplanemounted twin fins, 92007
 Flap Contribution, 00025, 81013
 Nacelle Contribution (Propeller Type) on Wing, 00025, TM 178
 Nacelle Contribution (Turbine Engine Type)
 rearfuselage mounted/empennage interference, 73006
 underwing mounted, 00025, 73006
 Program to Calculate for Complete Aircraft, 00025
 Tailplane Effects, 00025, 81032, 82010, 93007
 Use for Complete Aircraft of Data Items on Component Contributions
 accuracy, 82011
 examples, 00025, 82011
 Ventral Fin Contribution
 single or twin at subsonic or supersonic speeds, 92029
 Body Contribution, 83026
 Fin Contribution
 single fin merging into fuselage including tailplane effects, AERO C.01.01.01
 single fin mounted on fuselage including tailplane effects, 82010
 single or twin fins at supersonic speeds, 91031
 tailplanemounted twin fins, 92007
 Simplified Method of Estimation, 84002
 Use for Complete Aircraft of Data Items on Component Contributions
 accuracy, 84002
 comparison of experimental and predicted variation with incidence, 84002
 example, 84002
 Rectangular ExternalCompression Double or SingleRamp Intakes
 effect of sidewall shape on mass flow, 75005
 Influence on sensor location, 17013
 In AirConditioning Duct Systems
 see
 Lubricants
 see
 Lubricants
 Application to Fan Performance, 79037
 Application to Pump Performance, 80030
 Derivation in Subsonic or Supersonic Two or ThreeDimensional or Axisymmetric Flow
 for pressure coefficient from linearised equation, 97025
 Derivation in Transonic Two or ThreeDimensional Flow
 for pressure coefficient from nonlinear equation, 97025
 Example of Use in Correlating Experimental Results
 base pressure on conical afterbodies in subsonic, transonic and supersonic flow, 98026
 drag of wedge in subsonic and supersonic flow, 97025
 Hypersonic, AERO B.S.02.03.01, AERO B.S.05.03.01
 SupersonicHypersonic, AERO B.S.02.03.01
 Transonic
 use in correlation of pressure correction data for static pressure sensor, 95024
 Use of Laws Applied to Pressure Coefficient
 for correlating data on drag, lift and pitching moment coefficients, 97025
 Air in Dissociation Equilibrium
 solution using Mollier chart, AERO S.00.03.27
 Description, AERO W.S.00.03.03
 Downstream Mach Number
 low Mach numbers, AERO S.00.03.08, AERO W.S.00.03.05
 Downstream Static Pressure
 low Mach numbers, AERO W.S.00.03.05
 Mach numbers from 1 to 20, AERO 00.03.31
 Flow Deflection Angle
 low Mach numbers, AERO S.00.03.08
 Mach numbers from 1 to 20, AERO 00.03.31
 Introduction to SimpleWave Flow or PrandtlMeyer Expansion, AERO S.00.03.06
 Description, AERO W.S.00.03.03
 Conversion Factors
 see also
 Screw Threads
 Welded Joints in Steels
 VectoredJetThrust Aircraft
 calculation of launch trajectory, 87037
 endspeed limits imposed by ramp, 87037
 height drop and relationship with launch speed, 87037
 launch speed margins and comparison with those for flat deck, 87037
 minimum launch speeds, 87037
 nondimensional parameters appropriate and their derivation, 87037
 safety margins, 87037
 Aerofoils
 computation using VGK in subsonic or transonic flow, 96028, 96029
 prediction in presence of pressure field, 06001
 program to predict minimum for subcritical speeds, 06020
 Bodies
 brief discussion, AERO B.S.02.03.01
 Definition, AERO W.S.00.03.03, AERO W.S.02.04.13
 Discussion of Effect of Surface Finish, AERO W.02.04.00
 Due to Impingement on Airframe of Tyre Sidespray for Runway Contaminated With Slush/Water

 see
 Impingement Drag
 Flat Plates at Zero Incidence in Subsonic or Supersonic Flow
 applied to circularsection cylinders at zero incidence in subsonic flow, 68019, 68020, 73016
 applied to circularsection cylinders at zero incidence in supersonic flow, 68019, 68020, 73016
 applied to cones at zero incidence in supersonic flow, 68019, 68020, 73016
 applied to wedges in supersonic flow, 68019, 68020, 73016
 equation for local for turbulent boundary layer on smooth surfaces, 94044
 equation for mean for turbulent boundary layer on smooth surfaces, 78019, 94044
 graph of local for laminar boundary layer on smooth surfaces, 68019
 graph of local for turbulent boundary layer on smooth surfaces, 68020, TM 213
 graph of mean for laminar boundary layer on smooth surfaces, 68019
 graph of mean for turbulent boundary layer on rough surfaces, 73016
 graph of mean for turbulent boundary layer on smooth surfaces, 68020, TM 213
 graph of mean for varying transition position on smooth surfaces, 78019
 Use of Form Factors to Calculate Profile Drag, 97016
 aerofoils, 00027, 00027, AERO W.02.04.00
 Fatigue Strength Under Acoustic Loading
 attachment method effects, 72015
 cladding effects, 72015
 design of test specimens and test techniques under simulated loading, 93027
 endurance of integral or riveted skinrib attachment (skin excited), 72015
 endurance of riveted ribflange (rib excited), 72015
 location of failures, 72015
 low temperature effects, 72015
 material specification and jointing compound effects, 72015
 mean stress effects, 72015
 skin thickness effects, 72015
 test frequency effects, 72015
 Fatigue Strength Under Acoustic Loading of Bonded, Cocured or Riveted
 aluminiumglass fibre epoxy (GLARE) stiffener and skin, 84027
 boron or carbonepoxy or titanium rib, 84027
 boron or carbonepoxy or titanium rib with carbonepoxy or titanium doubler, 84027
 Fatigue Testing Under Acoustic Loading
 design of test specimens and test techniques for simulated conditions, 93027
 Fatigue Strength Under Acoustic Loading
 attachment method effects, 10011
 design of test specimens and test techniques under simulated loading, 93027
 endurance of plain specimens, 10011
 endurance of riveted or spotwelded skinrib attachment (skin excited), 10011
 high temperature effects, 10011
 location of failures, 10011
 material specification effects, 10011
 skin thickness effects, 10011
 test frequency effects, 10011
 Analysis, 76005, 81033, ME1
 Coupler Maximum EndLoad and Corresponding Crank Angle, 76005, 81033, ME1
 Crank Angle Between Dead Centres, 76005, ME1
 Crank Maximum Inertia Torque and Corresponding Crank Angle, 76005, 81033, ME1
 Design Practical Considerations, 76005, ME1
 Extension, 76005, 81033, ME1
 Extreme Transmission Angles, 76005, 81033, ME1
 Offset Swinging Block, 76005, 81033, ME1
 Performance Curves for One Complete Crank Rotation
 connectingrod acceleration, angle of swing and velocity, 81033
 crank inertia torque, 81033
 force on connecting rod, 81033
 rocker angle of swing, 81033
 slider acceleration and velocity, 81033
 transmission angle, 81033
 Pin Forces
 equations for forces at all joints by kinetostatic method, 90022
 equations for forces at coupler joints using simple idealisations, 76005, 81033, ME1
 Return Ratio, 76005, ME1
 Slider Maximum Velocity and Corresponding Crank Angle, 76005, 81033, ME1
 Slider Stroke, 76005, 81033, ME1
 Synthesis, 76005, ME1
 Machine Tools
 guidance on typical behaviour of friction coefficient, 89044
 Interference With Airframe
 discussion of thrust/drag accounting, 85015, 85017
 effect on airframe drag, 85015, 85017
 effect on propeller thrust, 85015, 85017
 effect on rolling moment in sideslip, 06012
 estimation of drag/thrust of propeller/body combination, 86017
 estimation of lift on wing/flap/nacelle combination, 88031
 estimation of longitudinal force on wing/flap/nacelle combination, 88031
 modelling in incidence and sideslip, 06013
 Axial Loading
 stress concentration data, 09014
 see also
 Downwash
 Flaps
 Interference
 Jet/flap Interference
 Contribution to Airframe Noise, 90023
 Introduction to Data Items on Effect of HighLift Devices on Drag, Lift and Pitching Moment, 97002
 Lift Increment Due to Deployment on Aerofoils at Zero Angle of Attack
 double or tripleelement alone or with leadingedge highlift devices, 94026, 94027, 94031
 singleelement alone or with leadingedge highlift devices, 94026, 94027, 94030
 Lift Increment Due to Deployment on Wings at Zero Angle of Attack
 double or tripleelement alone or with leadingedge highlift devices, 95021, 96032, 97002
 singleelement alone or with leadingedge highlift devices, 93019, 96032, 97002
 Maximum Lift Increment Due to Deployment on Aerofoils
 double or tripleelement alone or with leadingedge highlift devices, 94026, 94027, 94031
 singleelement alone or with leadingedge highlift devices, 94026, 94027, 94030
 Maximum Lift Increment Due to Deployment on Wings
 single or multielement, 91014
 single or multielement with leadingedge highlift devices, 92031
 Normal Force on
 singleelement, AERO F.05.01.01
 Pitching Moment Due to Deployment on Aerofoils and Wings
 double or tripleelement, alone or with leadingedge highlift devices, 01013, 03017, 99014
 singleelement, alone or with leadingedge highlift devices, 01013, 03017, 99004
 Profile Drag Increment Due to Deployment on Wings
 singleelement of NACA and Handley Page type, AERO F.02.01.06, AERO F.02.01.06
 singleelement of optimum geometry on aerofoils, 87005
 singleelement of optimum geometry on wings, 08013
 Trailing Vortex Drag Increment Due to Deployment on Cambered and Twisted or Plane Wings
 program for estimation for any flap and wing geometry, 01007
 tabulated values for selected flap and wing geometries, 01007
 Due to Impingement on Airframe of Tyre Sidespray

 see
 Impingement Drag
 Estimation for Aircraft Tyres

 see
 Aircraft Tyres
 see also
 Endurance (Fatigue Life)
 Description, 70016
 Dynamic and Kinematic Viscosity
 temperature variation, 66024
 see
 Sea Water
 Dynamic and Kinematic Viscosity
 temperature variation in liquid state, 66024
 Use of Deforming Bars, Pyramids and Rings
 to indicate peak temperature, 02006