ESDU Heat Transfer Series
Methods and data are presented for use by the process plant engineer, design engineer or consultant dealing with the evaluation or prediction of the performance of heat transfer equipment and the costing of heat exchangers. The Sections give step-by-step calculation methods and indicate the limits of applicability and the limits of accuracy of empirical correlations. Many of the methods are presented in a form readily adaptable to computer implementation.
The following topics are covered in this Series:
- Single-phase forced and free convection in straight, annular and coiled tubing, together with the pressure loss and heat transfer resulting from tube inserts and roughened surfaces.
- Forced convection over cylinders and tube banks and free convection and radiation from simple shapes.
- Heat pipe design and performance prediction and the selection of appropriate temperature measuring devices and the requirements for refractory lining materials are also treated.
- Heat exchanger selection and costing, performance and design.
- Process integration, fouling and vibration in tube banks.
Section 1: Organisational Documents
Heat Transfer Series record of documents.
- ESDU 05009
Section 2: Internal Flow - Single-Phase Convection
Forced convection heat transfer in straight tubes. Part 1: turbulent flow.
Forced convection heat transfer in straight tubes. Part 2: laminar and transitional flow.
Internal forced convective heat transfer in coiled pipes.
Heat transfer coefficients for water or steam in plain circular tubes: fully-developed turbulent flow.
Forced convective heat transfer in concentric annuli with turbulent flow.
- ESDU 92003
Section 3: Internal Flow - Single-Phase Convection - Enhancement
Section 4: External Flow - Single-Phase Convection - Single Tubes and Other Bodies
Section 5: External Flow - Single-Phase Convection - Tube Banks and Shell-And-Tube Heat Exchangers
Convective heat transfer during crossflow of fluids over plain tube banks.
Low-fin staggered tube banks: heat transfer and pressure loss for turbulent single-phase crossflow.
High-fin staggered tube banks: heat transfer and pressure drop for turbulent single phase gas flow.
Baffled shell-and-tube heat exchangers; flow distribution, pressure drop and heat transfer coefficient on the shellside.
- ESDU 73031
Section 6: Heat Pipes
Heat pipes - general information on their use, operation, and design.
Heat pipes - performance of capillary-driven designs.
Heat pipes - properties of common small-pore wicks.
Thermophysical properties of heat pipe working fluids: operating range between -60 degrees C and 300 degrees C.
Heat pipes - performance of two-phase closed thermosyphons.
- ESDU 80013
Section 7: Insulation
A guide to the thermal and mechanical characteristics of refractory lining materials.
- ESDU 80041
Section 8: Temperature Measurement
Section 9: Evaporation
Boiling inside tubes: general aspects and saturated wet-wall heat transfer.
Boiling inside tubes: saturated wet-wall heat transfer with mixtures.
Boiling inside tubes: critical heat flux for upward flow in uniformly heated vertical tubes.
Boiling inside tubes: critical heat flux for flow in uniformly heated horizontal tubes.
Boiling inside tubes: pressure drop in straight tubes with upward or horizontal flow.
Boiling inside tubes: post dry-out heat transfer in vertical tubes.
Falling film evaporation in vertical tubes.
- ESDU 85041
Section 10: Condensation
Practical guide to the selection of condensers.
Shell-and-tube exchangers: pressure drop and heat transfer in shellside downflow condensation.
Condensation of pure fluids in downflow on horizontal integral low-fin tube bundles.
Condensation inside tubes: pressure drop in straight tubes with vertical downflow.
Condensation inside tubes: pressure drop in straight horizontal tubes.
Condensation inside tubes: condensate film coefficient for vertical downflow.
Condensation inside tubes: condensate film coefficient in horizontal tubes.
Reflux condensation in vertical tubes.
- ESDU 85022
Section 11: Fouling
Fouling of heat exchanger surfaces: general principles.
Heat exchanger fouling in the pre-heat train of a crude oil distillation unit.
Fouling in cooling systems using fresh water.
Fouling in cooling systems using seawater.
Fouling in cooling water systems.
- ESDU 86038
Section 12: Fouling and Slagging
Fouling and slagging in combustion plant.
- ESDU 92012
Section 13: Process Integration
Section 14: Heat Exchangers - Flow Induced Vibration
Section 15: Heat Exchangers - Effectiveness - Ntu Relationships
Design and performance evaluation of heat exchangers: the effectiveness-NTU method. Part 1: introduction.
Design and performance evaluation of heat exchangers: the effectiveness-NTU method. Part 2: performance comparisons and selection of configurations presented in Part 3.
Design and performance evaluation of heat exchangers: the effectiveness-NTU method. Part 3: graphical and analytical data.
Design and performance evaluation of heat exchangers: the effectiveness-NTU method. Part 4: case studies.
Design and performance evaluation of heat exchangers: the effectiveness-NTU method. Part 5: analytical techniques.
- ESDU 98003
Section 16: Heat Exchangers - Selection and Costing
Selection and costing of heat exchangers.
Selection and costing of heat exchangers. Shell-and-tube type.
Selection and costing of heat exchangers. Air-cooled type.
Selection and costing of heat exchangers: plate-and-frame type.
Selection and costing of heat exchangers. Plate-fin type.
- ESDU 92013
Section 17: Heat Exchangers - Rapid Design
Heat transfer enhancement in heat exchanger design and utilisation. Part 1. Tube inserts in single-phase flow.
- ESDU 97007
Section 18: Cooling Systems
Selection of Cooling Systems
- ESDU 13004
- Aircraft Noise
- Fatigue - Endurance Data
- Fatigue - Fracture Mechanics
- Fluid Mechanics, Internal Flow
- Fluid Mechanics, Internal Flow (Aerospace)
- Heat Transfer
- Physical Data, Chemical Engineering
- Stress and Strength
- Transonic Aerodynamics
- Vibration and Acoustic Fatigue
- Wind Engineering