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Cabin Conditions
Discussion of Sources of Noise
fuselage vibration, airborne noise transmission and structure-borne noise, 02020
Effect of Cabin Altitude and Pressure Differential on Aircraft Operational Altitude, 94040
Effect of Cabin Attitude and Pressure Limits on Optimisation of Complete Sortie (Climb, Cruise, Descent)
examples for particular civil transport aircraft, 93021, 94016
Effect of Cabin Pressure, Its Rate of Change, and Pressure Differential Limits
on scheduled climb and descent profiles, 94040
Guidance on Maximum Airflow Required for Cabin Conditioning, 94044
Limits on Rate of Change of Cabin Pressure in Climb or Descent
civil aircraft, 94040
military aircraft, 94040
Typical Fuselage Noise Transmission Loss Characteristics, 02020
Cables
Dynamic Response to Turbulence and Wind
see
Response of Buildings and Structures
Response of Buildings and Structures To Atmospheric Turbulence
Response of Buildings and Structures To Vortex Shedding
Mean Forces and Pressures Due to Wind or Other Fluid Flows
see
Axial Force
Bluff Bodies
Critical Conditions in Fluid Flow
Normal Force
Pressure Distribution
Profile Drag
Sideforce
Cadmium Plating
Effect on Fatigue Strength of Steel Lugs With Clearance-Fit Pins, 82022
Effect on Fatigue Strength of Steel Screw Threads, 84037
Calcium Chloride/water Eutectic Solution
Dynamic and Kinematic Viscosity
variation with temperature, 66024
Calibrated Aircraft
Use in Determining Position (Pressure) Error
adjustment of measured pressure for height difference, 95024
Calibrated Airspeed
see also
Indicated Airspeed
Program to Convert Values to Other Airspeed Definitions
Acceleration Experienced in Climb at Constant, 70023, 81046
values in Off-Standard atmosphere, 81046
values in Standard atmosphere, 70023, 81046
Definitions, 69026, 86031
Equations for Relationship With Equivalent Airspeed, 69026
Equations for Relationship With Mach Number, 69026, 81046
Equations for Relationship With Pressures, 69026, 86031
Measurement in Flight
see
Anemometric Data Correction
Program to Convert Values to Other Airspeed Definitions, 00031, 00032, 00033, 00034, 00035, 00036, 00037, 00038, 00039
Scale-Altitude Correction, 69026
Variation With Impact Pressure, and With Mach Number and Pressure Altitude, 69026
Calibration of Sensor
Accelerometer method for angle of attack, 17013
Aerodynamic calibration of sensor, 17013, TM 190
Energy height method for angle of attack, 17013
Equating angle of attack to pitch angle, 17013
In-flight calibration of an angle of attack sensor, 17013, TM 185
INS/GPS method for angles of attack and sideslip, 17013, TM 185
Camber
Design of Optimum Shape Using Multivariate Gradient Search and CFD Codes
example study for single design point, 99020
example study for two design points, 99021
introduction to use of method, 99019
use of high-lift device deflections to achieve, 00022, 00023, 01024, 99020, 99021
Design to Match Target Pressure Distribution Using Multivariate Gradient Search and CFD Codes
examples using complete and partial distributions, 01025
Design to Provide Specified Upper-Surface Pressure Distribution Using VGKD
transonic flow with or without weak shock, 99032
Effect of Position of Maximum Along Aerofoil Chord
on profile drag change due to deployment of single-slotted flap, 87005
Effect on Flow Characteristics of GUNACA-Series Low-Drag Aerofoils
program to predict, 99003
Effect on Minimum Profile Drag of Aerofoils With Fixed Tansition
variation with Mach number below drag rise, 00027
Influence on Elevator Trim and Elevator Manoeuvre Margin for Flexible Wing, 96037
Spanwise Distribution
contribution to zero-lift pitching moment of wings, 87001
effect on conditions for leading- or trailing-edge separation, 88030
effect on lift-dependent drag of swept wings, 96025
effect on maximum lift of wings without high lift devices, 89034
effect on spanwise load distribution on wings by graphical method, 83040
effect on trailing vortex drag with or without trailing-edge flaps deployed, 01007
effect on zero-lift angle of attack of wings, 87031
program for effect on spanwise load distribution on wings, 95010
Cams
see also
Cams with Domed or Flat-faced Followers
Cams with Swinging Roller Followers
Cams with Translating Roller Followers
Contact Phenomena
Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication
Shafts with Interference-fit Collars
Calculation of Lubricant Film Thickness Using Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication Theory
domed, flat-faced or roller translating or swingin follower, 00015, 94008
guidance on use of program A0015, 00015
guidance on use of program A9408, 94008
lubricant entrainment velocity, 00015, 94008
minimum thickness and/or values throughout complete rotation, 00015, 94008
spring preload and rate to maintain contact, 94008
Comprehensive Worked Examples of Design Using ESDU Items
cognate cam with swinging roller follower, 85013
disc cam using profile blending and spring loaded translating follower, 85013
Design Guidance for Complete Cam/Follower System, 01002, 94017
lubricant properties and selection of lubricant, 94017
manufacturing methods and selection, 94017
materials properties and selection of materials for cam and follower, 94017
surface finish and treatments and their selection, 94017
worked examples illustrating design and redesign process, 94017
Design of Follower System and Selection of Type
advantages and disadvantages of flat-faced, domed and roller, 82024
calculation of dynamic and static load throughout complete rotation, 91026
calculation of return spring preload and rate, 91026
calculation of roller angular velocity throughout complete rotation, 91026
discussion of modes of failure, 82024
typical maximum loads and speeds for roller, 82024
Designs Using Blended DRD Laws
method of obtaining DRRD motion, opening and/or closing ramps, or precision point, 83027
program for complete kinematic, stress and tribological analysis, 00015
DRD Trigonometric Laws
see also
Cams with Translating Roller Followers
comparison of dynamic performance and torque characteristics of various, 82006
criteria for, and guide to, selection, 82006
database
equations and curves for various, 82006
methods of blending to obtain special motions, 83027
summary and comparison chart of characteristics of various, 82006
Driving Planar Multi-Bar Linkages
method of modelling using OSMEC program, 97026
Driving Torque
variation through complete rotation, 00015
DRRD Trigonometric Laws
use of blending DRD laws to obtain, 83027
Equations for Design of Disc Cams With Domed/Flat-Faced or RollerTranslating or Swinging Follower
calculation of cutter path coordinates, 95001, ME2
calculation of pressure angle, 95001, ME2
calculation of profile coordinates and curvature, 95001, ME2
checks for any cam/cutter or cam/follower interference, 95001
derivation, ME2
determination of direction of force components on follower, ME2
instantaneous centre of rotation of cam and follower, ME2
Failure
discussion of critical stress conditions leading to, 93001
due to wear, 94017
prediction of critical maximum stresses due to follower contact, 00015, 93001
Failure of Cam/Follower Mechanism
guidance on symptoms with suggested redesign solutions, 01002
Guide to Use of Data Items on Anlysis and Design of Cam/Follower Mechanisms, 01002
Life of Roller Follower Needle Bearing
estimation, 00015, 91026
Period Ratio
effect on peak acceleration, 82006
Power
variation of averaged driving throughout complete rotation, and total loss, 00015
Precision Point
achievement by blending DRD laws, 83027
achievement with polynomial laws, 86026
Prediction of Contact Stress and Force for Barrelled Roller Translating or Swinging Follower
analysis of surface and sub-surface stesses throughout complete rotation, 00015
cam-roller centre distance changes throughout complete rotation, 00015, 93001
contact area dimensions throughout complete rotation, 00015, 93001
effect of spring preload and rate, 00015, 93001
guidance on use of program A0015, 00015
guidance on use of program A9301, 93001
maximum compressive stress and/or its variation throughout complete rotation, 93001
spring preload and rate to maintain follower contact, 93001
Prediction of Contact Stress and Force for Flat-Faced/Domed Translating or Swinging Follower
analysis of surface and sub-surface stresses throughout complete rotation, 00015
cam/follower separation changes throughout complete rotation, 00015, 94011
contact area dimensions throughout complete rotation, 00015, 94011
effect of spring preload and rate, 00015, 94011
guidance on use of program A0015, 00015
guidance on use of program A9411, 94011
maximum compressive stress and/or its variation throughout complete rotation, 94011
spring preload and rate to maintain follower contact, 94011
Program for Complete Kinematic, Stress and Tribological Analysis, 00015
Programs for Design of Disc Cams With Domed/Flat-Faced or Roller Translating or Swinging Follower
calculation of cutter path coordinates, 00014, 95001
calculation of pressure angle, 00014, 00015, 95001
calculation of profile coordinates and curvature, 00014, 00015, 95001
cam laws to define follower motion, 00014, 00015, 95001
checks for any cam/cutter or cam/follower interference, 00014, 95001
contact forces, 00014, 00015
follower contact point excursion, 00014
follower rise, velocity, acceleration and jerk, 00014, 00015
guidance on use of OSCAM in design, 00014
inclusion of follower inertia and spring loads, 00014
input of external load, 00014
input of follower motion by means of file for complete rotation, 00014
installation of OSCAM, 00013
output of profile to plotter or printer, 00014
plotters and printers supported by OSCAM, 00013, 00014
user manual for OSCAM, 00014
Selection of Grooved or Ridged Body Closure, 82024
Selection of Lubricant, 94017
Selection of Manufacturing Method and Surface Treatment, 94017
Selection of Material, Treatment and Finish, 94017
Selection of Type for Swinging Motion of Follower
cognate, disc or face (grooved or ridged), 82024
concave globoidal, cylindrical (grooved or ridged) or end, 82024
Selection of Type for Translating Motion of Follower
cognate, disc or face (grooved or ridged), 82024
conical, cylindrical (grooved or ridged) or end, 82024
Temperature in Lubricant Film
prediction of Blok flash rise throughout complete rotation, 00015
Use of Polynomial Laws
blending segments, 83027, 86026
computer program to obtain minimum-order equation coefficients, 86026
database of laws for various orders
exponent manipulation to meet precision point conditions, 86026
inertia torque for various 3- and 4-term equations, 86026
minimum-order equations, 86026
motion characteristics with various 3- and 4-term equations, 86026
pressure angle with various 3- and 4-term equations, 86026
Wear
allowable stresses for cast or nodular iron or steel for given life, 94017
pitting, polishing and scuffing mechanisms and symptoms, 94017
surface treatments for resistance to, 86040, 94017
Cams with Domed or Flat-faced Followers
see also
Cams
Contact Phenomena
Shafts with Interference-fit Collars
Estimation of Minimum Dimensions for Single Cam Law Rise and Return, 83008
Cams with Swinging Roller Followers
see also
Cams
Contact Phenomena
Shafts with Interference-fit Collars
Estimation of Minimum Dimensions for Single Cam Law Rise and Return, 83008
Cams with Translating Roller Followers
see also
Cams
Contact Phenomena
Shafts with Interference-fit Collars
Estimation of Minimum Dimensions for Single Cam Law Rise or Return, 82023
Radial Follower
blending to incorporate constant velocity component, 93002
blending to incorporate intermediate precision point, 93002
blending to reduce segment angle or reference circle radius, or increase lift, 92014
effect of pressure angle on cam/follower contact force, 92005
estimation of minimum dimensions for blended rise or return, 92014
estimation of minimum dimensions for single cam law rise or return, 92005
maximum pressure angle and position for various cam laws, 92005
minimum pitch circle curvature for various cam laws, 92005
Size for Given Pressure Angle
effect of DRD cam law selected, 82006
Canard-wing Combination
see also
Indicial Aerodynamics
Trimmed With Given Static Margin
program for calculation of lift and drag, 81023
Upwash Induced at Any Point Upstream of Wing
estimation component-by-component taking account of interference, 90020
Canopy
Profile Drag of Fighter-Type, 67041
Cantilevers of Uniform Section
see also
Beams in General
Beams of Any Hollow or Solid Polygonal Section
Under Lateral Loading
critical load for lateral instability, 88034
Under Various Loadings
bending moments, deflections and reactions, SS3
Capacitance
Use in Temperature Measurement
see
Temperature Measurement
Carbides
see
Ceramics
Carbon Dioxide
Forced Convection Heat Transfer in Ducts
variable gas property effects, 81045, 92003, AERO 00.02.05
Specific Heat Capacity Ratio
temperature variation in gaseous state, AERO 00.01.08
Carbon/graphite
Use as Bearing Material With Fillers
see
Dry Rubbing Bearings
Use as Contact Seal in Reciprocating Applications, 83031
Use as Filler in Polymer (With or Without Backing) Bearing Materials
see
Dry Rubbing Bearings
Carbonitriding
see
Case Hardening
Wear Resistant Surface Coatings and Treatments
Carbon Monoxide
Molecular Vibrational Temperature, AERO 00.01.09
Specific Enthalpy
temperature variation in gaseous state, AERO 00.01.09
Specific Heat Capacity at Constant Pressure
temperature variation in gaseous state, AERO 00.01.09
Specific Heat Capacity Ratio
temperature variation in gaseous state, AERO 00.01.09
Carburising
see
Case Hardening
Wear Resistant Surface Coatings and Treatments
Carnot Efficiency
Departure From for Practical Heat Engines and Pumps, 89001
CARS (Coherent Anti-stokes Raman Scattering)
see
Temperature Measurement
Carson's Formula
Definition, 69025
Cascades
see
Cascades of Guide Vanes
Turbomachinery Noise
Cascades of Guide Vanes
In Bends
design information, 83037
optimum location for one or two vanes in circular-arc, 83037
pressure drop in circular-arc with optimum vane location, 83037
Case Hardening
see also
Wear Resistant Surface Coatings and Treatments
Carburising, Carbonitriding, Nitriding or Nitrocarburising
advantages and limitations, 86040, 89031
comparative cost and wear resistance of case, 86040
typical case depth, 86040, 89031, 94017
typical hardness, 86040, 89031, 94017
typical rate of case formation, 86040
typical treatment temperature, 86040, 89031
Effect on Failure Prediction in Loaded Contacts, 84017, 85007
Effect on Fatigue Strength
comparison with effect of mechanical or thermal surface treatments, 89031
discussion of methods of improvement when component is subject to fretting, 90031
guide to selection of appropriate treatment, 89031
method by which compressive surface stresses arise, 89031
splined steel shaft assemblies, 73002
Influence on Spur and Helical Gear Design, 68040, 88033
Use to Reduce Wear in Disc Cams
possible treatments, hardness, size effect, and advantages and disadvantages, 94017
Casson Flow Curve Model
see
Non-newtonian Fluids
Castellated Web
Shear Strength, STRUCT 02.03.24
Castings
Effective Roughness Height in Fluid Flow
see
Roughness
Resulting Surface Roughness for Steels, 74027
effect on fatigue limit, 74027
Titanium Alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) Under Axial Load
effect of surface finish on fatigue strength as cast, machined or shot-peened, 77027
Castor Oil
Dynamic and Kinematic Viscosity
temperature variation in liquid state, 66024
Catherall-foster-sells Method
Velocity Distribution on Aerofoils, 79009
use as standard to evaluate other approximate calculation methods, 72025
Cavitation
Avoidance in Ejectors, 85032
Onset Due to Fluid Transients in Pipelines
prediction with pump trip, 83046, 84013, 84038, 85044, 87027
prediction with valve closure, 83046, 84013, 87027
suppression by air vessels, 84013, 85009, 87027
suppression by inlet/outlet valves, 85009, 87027
suppression by pump by-pass, 85044, 87027
Cavities
see also
Excrescences
Cavity Oscillations
Predictions of on-third octave levels for flight conditions, 18011
Rectangular Planform in Flat Plate
alleviation of unsteady flow by passive devices, 08012
alleviation of unsteady flow effects - acoustic suppression using active devices, 09001
alleviation of unsteady flow effects - store deployment, 09002
alleviation of unsteady flow introduction to, 08011
bibliography of references for aerodynamics and aero-acoustics of rectangular planform cavities, 16004
Rectangular Planform in Flat Plate in Subsonic or Supersonic Flow (Time-Averaged Internal Flow)
details of behaviour for a range of geometric and upstream boundary layer conditions, 02008
Rectangular Planform in Flat Plate in Subsonic or Supersonic Flow (Unsteady Flow - Acoustics)
details of behaviour for a range of geometric and upstream boundary layer conditions, 04023
Rectangular Planform in Flat Plate With Turbulent Boundary Layer
conditions (geometry and Mach number) for closed flow, 00006, 02008
conditions (geometry and Mach number) for open and transitional flow, 00007, 02008
definition of closed, open and transitional flow, 00006, 00007, 02008
effect of doors on drag, 10016
Rectangular Planform in Flat Plate With Turbulent Boundary Layer in Supersonic Flow
conditions (geometry and Mach number) for transitional-closed flow, 02008
conditions (geometry and Mach number) for transitional-open flow, 02008
critical length-height ratio for change from transitional-closed to transitional-open flow, 02008
shock wave behaviour under full range of conditions, 02008
Rectangular Planform With Turbulent Boundary Layer and Closed Flow
break-down of drag contributions between front and rear faces, 00006
drag in subsonic or supersonic flow, 00006
effect of doors on drag, 10016
effect of geometry and Mach number on drag, 00006
effect of side-edge vortices on drag in supersonic flow, 00006
Rectangular Planform With Turbulent Boundary Layer and Open or Transitional Flow
drag in subsonic or supersonic flow, 00007
effect of doors on drag, 10016
effect of geometry and Mach number on drag, 00007
Use as a Means of Base Drag Alleviation
flat plate with turbulent boundary layer, 10017
Ceiling
see
Rate of Climb
Centre-line-average Height
Range for Steel Surfaces
resulting from coarse to fine production techniques, 74027
Surface Irregularity
definition, 74027
Centre of Area of Planar Shapes and Sections With/without Holes
see also
Bodies of Revolution
Program for Calculation, 02007, TM 119
Centre of Pressure
see also
Boundary Walls and Fences
Hoardings (Elevated Above Ground Level)
Pitching-moment-curve Slope (MW or Cmα)
Tyre-ground Contact Area
Bodies of General Cross Section
elliptical, 05015
square with corner rounding, 07005
square without corner rounding, 04007
triangular without corner rounding, 04007
Elliptical-Section Cylinders Normal to Flow
two-dimensional characteristics, 79026
Flat Plates Inclined or Normal to Flow
circular, 70015
elliptical or semi-elliptical, 70015
rectangular or square, 70015
triangular, 70015
Forebody-Cylinder With Boat-Tailing
incidences to 90 deg and Mach numbers to 5, 87033, 89014, 90034
Forebody-Cylinder Without Boat-Tailing
incidences to 90 deg and Mach numbers to 5, 89014, 90034
Isolated Surfaces
spanwise position in supersonic flow, AERO A.S.06.03.04
Sharp-Edged Delta, Cropped Delta and Rectangular Wings of Low Aspect Ratio
isolated in subsonic flow to high angles of attack, 95022
Slender Wings
in free air, 71006
movement due to ground effect, 71007
Surface-Mounted Blocks
circular-section, 81017
double-wedge- or triangular-section, 79026
elliptical-section, 79026
multi-sided circular-section, 79026
rectangular- or square-section, 80003
Wings With Camber and Twist
program for chordwise and spanwise position in subsonic flow, 95010
spanwise position in subsonic flow by graphical method, 83040
Wings With Camber and Twist and With Plain Leading- and/or Trailing-Edge Flaps Deflected
program for chordwise and spanwise position in subsonic flow, 95010
Wings With Symmetric Sections
spanwise position due to incidence in subsonic flow, TD MEMO 6403
Centroid
see
Centre of Area of Planar Shapes and Sections With/without Holes
Ceramics
Comparison of Physical Properties With Those of Metals and Polymers, 84041
Density and Melting or Softening Temperature, 84041
Guidance on Friction Coefficient When Rubbing Against Ceramics, 89044
Poisson's Ratio, 78035, 84041, 85027
Thermal Conductivity and Expansion, and Specific Heat Capacity, 84041
Use for Wear Resistance in Tribological Applications, 86040
Use on Follower Face for Wear Resistance in Cam/Follower Mechanisms, 94017
Young's Modulus, 78035, 84041, 85027
Certification Performance of Civil Aircraft
see also
Airworthiness Requirements
Airborne Distance During Landing, 91032
from regression applied to measurements of airborne time, speeds and rates of descent, 92022
Channel Sections with Lips turned inwards
see also
Beams in General
Beams of Any Hollow or Solid Polygonal Section
Planar Shapes and Sections With/without Holes
Struts in General
Struts of Channel Section
Flexural Properties, STRUCT 01.00.01
Primary Warping Constant and Shear Centre, 77023
Channel Sections with Lips turned outwards
see also
Beams in General
Beams of Any Hollow or Solid Polygonal Section
Flat Panels with Top-hat Section Stiffeners
Planar Shapes and Sections With/without Holes
Struts in General
Struts of Channel Section
Primary Warping Constant and Shear Centre, 77023
Channel Sections without Lips
see also
Beams in General
Beams of Any Hollow or Solid Polygonal Section
Beams of Channel Section
Planar Shapes and Sections With/without Holes
Struts in General
Struts of Channel Section
Flexural Properties, STRUCT 01.00.01
Primary Warping Constant and Shear Centre, 77023
Channels with Internal Flow
see
Pipes with Internal Flow
Characteristic Equation
see also
Lateral Stability and Response
Longitudinal Stability and Response
For Static Stability of Flexible Aircraft, 96037
for constant speed and for overall structural mode, 96037
Linear System Response and Stability, 74019, 77032, 86021
Linear System With Two Degrees of Freedom
computer program to compute coefficients, 82037
Use of Nyquist Diagram to Estimate Roots, 74021
Use of Root-Locus Diagram to Show Behaviour of Roots as Coefficient Varies, 74020
Characteristics
Method of, AERO B.S.02.03.01, AERO S.00.03.06
Charpy Values
Steels
at room temperature 00932 (MMDH)
relationship to fracture toughness values, 83023
Chimneys
see
Stacks
Chi-squared Distribution
see
Statistics
Chlorinated Biphenyl
48 per cent Chlorine by Weight
dynamic and kinematic viscosity, 66024
Chlorinity
see
Sea Water
Choking Conditions in Duct Flow
Cylindrical Tube Orifices
discharge coefficients and mass flow, 82009
Gas- or Vapour-Liquid Mixtures
estimation of maximum mass flow rate, 78018
One-Dimensional Flow
see
One-dimensional Flow
Orifice Plates
discharge coefficients and mass flow, 82009
Perforated Plates
discharge coefficients and mass flow, 82009
Round-Wire Gauzes, 72009
effective porosity, 72009
Steam-Water Mixtures
maximum mass flow, 76018
Sudden Contraction of Area With or Without Edge Rounding, 05024
Chord
Aerodynamic and Standard (Geometric) Mean
length and position for cranked, notched or straight-tapered wings, 10023, 76003, TM 168
Chromium Plating
see also
Wear Resistant Surface Coatings and Treatments
Bond Strength and Porosity, 86040
Deposition Rate and Treatment Temperature, 86040
Effect on Fretting Fatigue of Titanium Alloys, 88027
Fatigue Limit and Strength Reduction of Steel Due to Electrodeposited, 86033
discussion of causes, 86033
effect of post-plating treatments (baking, grinding), 86033
effect of pre-plating treatments (nitriding, rolling, shot-peening), 86033
Typical Plating Conditions, 86033
Use to Reduce Wear in Cam/Follower Mechanisms, 94017
Churn Flow
see
Two-phase (Gas- or Vapour-liquid) Flow
Cl (Rolling Moment Coefficient)
see also
Rolling Moment
C sub lp, C sub lr, C sub l beta, C sub l delta a, C sub l delta r (Rolling Moment Coefficient Derivatives in Customary US Usage)
see
Derivatives
Cm (Pitching Moment Coefficient)
see also
Pitching Moment
C sub mq, C sub m alpha dot (Pitching Moment Coefficient Derivatives in Customary US Usage)
see
Derivatives
Cn (Yawing Moment Coefficient)
see also
Yawing Moment Due To Spoiler Deflection
C sub np, C sub nr, C sub n beta, C sub n delta a, C sub n delta r (Yawing Moment Coefficient Derivatives in Customary US Usage)
see
Derivatives
Cy (Sideforce Coefficient)
C sub yp, C sub yr, C sub y beta, C sub y delta r (Sideforce Coefficient Derivatives in Customary US Usage)
see
Derivatives
Cz (Z-force Coefficient)
C sub zq, C sub z alpha (Z-Force Coefficient Derivatives in Customary US Usage)
see
Derivatives
Lift Force Due To Pitching (ZQ or Czq)
Lift-curve Slope

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