ESDU Aerofoils and Wings Segment
The ESDU Aerodynamics information contains a wide and everincreasing range of data and methods applicable to the project design of aircraft, guided weapons, space rockets, etc. Data are given concerning general aerodynamics, including properties of the atmosphere; aerodynamics of airframe components, including the effect of power plant/airframe interactions for propellerpowered and jet aircraft; aerodynamics of the effect of surface imperfections on drag; aerodynamics of controls, flaps and leadingedge devices; aircraft stability, including derivative estimation; and aerodynamics of internal flow systems, including propulsion systems.
The Aerofoils and Wings Segment focuses on:
 Aerofoils at Subcritical and Supersonic Speeds  Pressure Distribution, Lift, Pitching Moment and Drag
 Critical Mach Number and Pressure Coefficient
 Flat Plates  Boundary Layers, Skin Friction and Surface Roughness
 Wings  Lift, Pitching Moment, Aerodynamic Centre, Spanwise Loading and Drag
This Collection contains the following information.

Organisational Documents

ESDU 00001
Aerodynamics Series: Record of Documents 
ESDU CFA
Conversion factors.

ESDU 00001

Aerofoils and Wings  General

ESDU 76003
Geometrical properties of cranked and straighttapered wing planforms. 
ESDU TM 168
ESDU TECHNICAL MEMORANDUM Derivation of equations for the geometrical properties of straighttapered and multipanel wings 
ESDU 10023
Computer program for calculation of equivalent straighttapered wing planform 
ESDU 06020
Computer program for estimation of aerofoil characteristics at subcritical speeds: liftcurve slope, zerolift incidence and pitching moment, aerodynamic centre and drag polar minimum. 
ESDU TM 4
ESDU TECHNICAL MEMORANDUM Correlations for some aerodynamic characteristics of aerofoils in incompressible inviscid flow.

ESDU 76003

Aerofoils at Subcritical Speeds  Pressure Distribution, Lift, Pitching Moment, Aerodynamic Centre

ESDU AERO W.01.01.05
Slope of lift curve for twodimensional flow. 
ESDU AERO W.01.01.07
Maximum lift coefficients for aerofoil sections at Mach numbers from 0.60 to 0.75. 
ESDU AERO A.08.01.05
Aerodynamic centre in twodimensional flow. 
ESDU 66034
The lowspeed stalling characteristics of aerodynamically smooth aerofoils. 
ESDU 71020
Aerofoils having a specified form of uppersurface pressure distribution: details and comments on design. 
ESDU 72024
Aerodynamic characteristics of aerofoils in compressible inviscid airflow at subcritical Mach numbers. 
ESDU 84026
Aerofoil maximum lift coefficient for Mach numbers up to 0.4. 
ESDU 97020
Slope of aerofoil lift curve for subsonic twodimensional flow. 
ESDU 98011
Aerofoil incidence for zero lift in subsonic two dimensional flow. 
ESDU 99003
Generation of GUNACA 23series of lowdrag aerofoils.

ESDU AERO W.01.01.05

Aerofoils at Subcritical Speeds  Drag

ESDU AERO W.02.04.00
Information on the use of Data Items in the series Wings 02.04. 
ESDU AERO W.02.04.01
Drag of a smooth flat plate at zero incidence. 
ESDU AERO W.02.04.02
Profile drag of smooth wings. 
ESDU AERO W.02.04.03
Profile drag of smooth aerofoils with straight trailing edges at low speeds. 
ESDU AERO W.02.04.09
Limit of grain size for laminar flow over wings or bodies. 
ESDU AERO W.02.04.11
Limit of surface waviness for laminar flow over wings. 
ESDU 67011
Profile drag at the dragrise condition of aerofoils having a specified form of uppersurface pressure distribution at this condition. 
ESDU 00027
Aerofoil profile drag for Mach numbers below the drag rise condition. 
ESDU 06001
Aerofoil skin friction drag for Mach numbers below the dragrise condition. 
ESDU 10017
A guide to the alleviation of the base drag of a twodimensional flat plate with a blunt trailing edge

ESDU AERO W.02.04.00

Aerofoils at Supersonic Speeds  Pressure Distribution, Lift, Pitching Moment, Drag

ESDU AERO W.S.00.03.03
Introductory Item on twodimensional aerofoils at supersonic speeds. 
ESDU AERO W.S.00.03.04
Theoretical properties of twodimensional supersonic aerofoils of simple section. 
ESDU AERO W.S.00.03.05
The calculation of the theoretical characteristics of twodimensional aerofoils at supersonic speeds. 
ESDU AERO W.S.02.03.07
Base pressure on aerofoil sections with a blunt trailing edge in supersonic flow. 
ESDU AERO W.S.02.03.10
Wave drag of flat plates with blunt noses at zero incidence. 
ESDU AERO W.S.02.04.12
Skin friction drag coefficients for a flat plate in twodimensional flow with zero heat transfer. 
ESDU AERO W.S.02.04.13
Profile drag coefficients for twodimensional biconvex aerofoil with zero heat transfer at supersonic speeds. 
ESDU AERO W.S.05.03.01
Pressure distribution on blunt noses of twodimensional sections at zero incidence in supersonic flow.

ESDU AERO W.S.00.03.03

Critical Mach Number and Pressure Coefficient

ESDU 74008
Estimation of critical Mach number for an aerofoil from its lowspeed pressure distribution. 
ESDU 75027
Critical pressure coefficient and component of local Mach number normal to the surface isobar for a swept wing. 
ESDU AERO W.00.03.01
Critical Mach number for high speed aerofoil sections.

ESDU 74008

Flat Plates  Boundary Layers, Skin Friction and Surface Roughness

ESDU 68019
The compressible twodimensional laminar boundary layer, both with and without heat transfer, on a smooth flat plate, with application to wedges, cylinders, and cones. 
ESDU 68020
The compressible twodimensional turbulent boundary layer, both with and without heat transfer, on a smooth flat plate, with application to wedges, cylinders, and cones. 
ESDU 73016
The mean skin friction coefficient for a rough flat plate with a turbulent twodimensional boundary layer in compressible adiabatic flow, with application to wedges, cylinders and cones.

ESDU 68019

Wings  Lift, Pitching Moment, Aerodynamic Centre, Spanwise Loading

ESDU 70011
Liftcurve slope and aerodynamic centre position of wings in inviscid subsonic flow. 
ESDU TM 169
ESDU TECHNICAL MEMORANDUM Wing liftcurve slope in inviscid subsonic flow: Improvements to the HelmboldDiederich equation and comparison with data from ESDU 70011 
ESDU 70012
Liftcurve slope and aerodynamic centre position of wings in inviscid supersonic flow. 
ESDU 70015
Fluid forces and moments on flat plates. 
ESDU 71006
Lowspeed longitudinal aerodynamic characteristics of slender wings. 
ESDU 71007
Lowspeed normal force and pitching moment of slender wings in ground effect 
ESDU 83040
Method for the rapid estimation of spanwise loading of wings with camber and twist in subsonic attached flow. 
ESDU 87001
Wing pitching moment at zero lift at subcritical Mach numbers. 
ESDU 87031
Wing angle of attack for zero lift at subcritical Mach numbers. 
ESDU 88030
Boundaries of linear characteristics of cambered and twisted wings at subcritical Mach numbers. 
ESDU 89034
The maximum lift coefficient of plain wings at subsonic speeds. 
ESDU 90013
Normal force and pitching moment of low aspect ratio croppeddelta wings up to high angles of attack at supersonic speeds. 
ESDU 93015
Program for calculation of maximum lift coefficient of plain aerofoils and wings at subsonic speeds. 
ESDU 93034
Normal force of lowaspectratio croppeddelta wings up to high angles of attack at subsonic speeds. 
ESDU 95010
Computer program for estimation of spanwise loading of wings with camber and twist in subsonic attached flow. Liftingsurface theory. (With Appendix A: effect of plain flaps.) 
ESDU 95022
Pitching moment of lowaspectratio croppeddelta wings up to high angles of attack at subsonic speeds. 
ESDU AERO W.01.01.01
Liftcurve slope of swept and tapered wings. 
ESDU AERO W.01.01.04
Effect of cutout on liftcurve slope.

ESDU 70011

Wings  Drag

ESDU 66031
Introductory sheet on subcritical liftdependent drag of wings. 
ESDU 66032
Subsonic liftdependent drag due to boundary layer of plane, symmetrical section wings. 
ESDU 74035
Subsonic liftdependent drag due to the trailing vortex wake for wings without camber or twist. 
ESDU 75004
Wave drag of wings at zero lift in inviscid airflow. 
ESDU 94037
Leadingedge suction distribution for plane thin wings at subsonic speeds. 
ESDU 94038
Computer program for estimation of leadingedge suction distribution for plane thin wings at subsonic speeds. 
ESDU 95025
Drag due to lift for plane swept wings, alone or in combination with a body, up to high angles of attack at subsonic speeds. 
ESDU 96025
Drag due to lift for nonplanar swept wings up to high angles of attack at subsonic speeds. 
ESDU 07002
Wing viscous drag coefficient in shockfree attached flow. 
ESDU 07003
Modelling of wing viscous drag coefficient in shockfree attached flow. 
ESDU 10022
Trailingvortex drag coefficient in shockfree attached flow  cambered and twisted wings 
ESDU AERO W.S.02.03.02
Theoretical liftdependent drag of wings at supersonic speeds. 
ESDU AERO W.S.02.03.09
Transonic drag rise of rectangular symmetrical section wings at zero lift. NACA 65 series sections.

ESDU 66031
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