ESDU AZ Index: PRIPZ
 see also
 Heat Exchangers
 see also
 Statistics
 For Energy Targeting and Heat Exchanger Network Design in Batch Process Plants
 composite and grand composite curves and their use, 90033
 examples of application to chemical plants and a building, 90033
 general guidance on and introduction to methodology, 90033
 time slice model, 90033
 types of streams, 90033
 use of heat storage and systems available, 90033
 use of rescheduling, 90033
 For Energy Targeting and Heat Exchanger Network Design in Continuous Process Plants
 composite and grand composite curves and their use, 87030
 examples of application to single plant and complete site, 87030
 general guidance on and introduction to methodology, 87030
 guide to use of program INTEGRITY, 00043
 identifying and using process changes, 90033
 interval temperature and minimum allowable temperature difference, 87030
 introduction of pumparound, or intermediate condenser or reboiler, 90033
 methods of splitting streams, 87030
 optimisation of heat exchanger area, 87030
 pinch violation, avoidance and relaxation, 87030
 pitfalls and refinements in application of method, 87030
 problem table or heat cascade and its use, 87030
 program for decomposition analysis, 00043
 program to calculate hot and cold utility consumption and costs, 00043
 program to calculate number of shells and minimum area, 00043
 program to derive composite and grand composite curves, 00043
 program to derive driving force plot, 00043
 program to derive plots of utility consumption and minimum area, 00043
 program to determine pinch location, 00043
 split composite curve used in process change, 90033
 stream definition, 87030
 To Optimise Hot and Cold Utility Use in Process Plants
 basic thermodynamic principles of heat engines and heat pumps, 89001
 case studies of application, 89001
 combined heat and power systems, 89001
 criteria for selection of utility and fitting to grand composite curve, 89001
 types of heat pumps and selection, 89001
 use of diesel engines, or gas or steam turbines, 89001
 utility pinch and effect on utility placement, 89001
 see
 Journal Bearings
 Aerofoils, AERO W.02.04.00, AERO W.02.04.02, AERO W.02.04.03, AERO W.S.02.04.13
 comparison of results from VGK with experimental results, 96028
 effect of leading and/or trailingedge sealed control or flap deflection, 01033, 96028, 96029
 estimation in viscous subsonic or transonic flow using VGK, 96028, 96029
 estimation of minimum for cambered or uncambered with fixed transition, 00027
 program to predict minimum for subcritical speeds, 06020
 variation of minimum with Mach number below drag rise, 00027
 Aerofoils With RoofTop Pressure Distribution at Drag Rise, 67011
 Aircraft Undercarriage
 fixed or retractable, 79015
 AngleSection Beams, 82007
 discussion of effects of hysteresis and turbulence, 82007
 effects of aspect ratio, incidence, yaw and velocity profile, 82007
 effects of interference when used in X or Tconfiguration, 82007
 Biconvex Aerofoils, AERO W.S.02.04.13
 Bodies of Elliptical CrossSection at Zero Angle of Attack
 tentative method for estimation in subcritical flow, 78019
 Bodies of Revolution at Zero Incidence
 estimation in subcritical flow, 78019
 illustrations of effect of varying body geometry, 78019
 Canopy for Fighter Type Aircraft, 67041
 ChannelSection Beams, 82007
 discussion of effects of hysteresis and turbulence, 82007
 effects of aspect ratio, incidence, yaw and velocity profile, 82007
 effects of interference when used in Hconfiguration, 82007
 CircularSection Cylinders
 infinite in twodimensional flow, 83025
 normal to flat plate, 83025
 CircularSection Cylinders (ParallelSided, Stepped or Tapered)
 effects of isolated spanwise protuberances including helical strakes, 81017
 effects of open top or efflux on local at top, 81017
 local and overall on surfacemounted in turbulent shear flow, 81017
 overall in uniform flow, 81017
 Contributions to and Methods of Estimation, 97016
 Cowls
 variation with geometry and Mach number, 81024
 Definition, AERO W.S.00.03.03, AERO W.S.02.04.13
 DoubleWedge Section Cylinders With Edge Aligned Symmetrically and Normal to Flow
 effects of edge rounding and turbulence, 79026
 effects of turbulent shear flow for surfacemounted, 79026
 EllipticalSection Cylinders Normal to Flow
 effects of incidence and section aspect ratio, 79026
 effects of turbulent shear flow for surfacemounted, 79026
 Flat Plates With Turbulent Boundary Layer
 guide to alleviation of base drag, 10017
 means of prediction, 10016
 Frameworks of FlatSided and/or Tubular Members, 81027
 effects of gusset plates and ancillary components, 81027
 effects of incidence and yaw, turbulence and velocity profile, 81027
 effects of interference on any frame of two or more in parallel, 81027
 effects of roughness, taper and solidity, 81027
 Fuselage
 increment due to rear fuselage upsweep, 80006
 HSection Beams, 82007
 discussion of effects of hysteresis and turbulence, 82007
 effects of aspect ratio, incidence, yaw and velocity profile, 82007
 Introduction to Data Items on Effect of HighLift Devices on, 97002
 ISection Beams, 82007
 discussion of effects of hysteresis and turbulence, 82007
 effects of aspect ratio, incidence, yaw and velocity profile, 82007
 Lattice Towers of FlatSided and/or Tubular Members, 81028
 effects of chord member arrangement, 81028
 effects of gusset plates and ancillary components, 81028
 effects of incidence, turbulence and velocity profile, 81028
 effects of roughness and solidity, 81028
 Multiple Parallel Frameworks of FlatSided and/or Tubular Members, 81027
 discussion of effects of incidence and yaw, 81027
 effects of frame spacing and solidity, 81027
 effects of gusset plates and ancillary components, 81027
 effects of roughness for tubular members, 81027
 effects of turbulence and velocity profile, 81027
 MultiSided CircularSection Cylinders With Edge Aligned Symmetrically and Normal to Flow
 effects of edge rounding, number of sides and turbulence, 79026
 effects of turbulent shear flow for surfacemounted, 79026
 MultiSided EllipticalSection Cylinders With Edge Aligned Symmetrically and Normal to Flow
 effects of edge rounding, section shape and turbulence, 79026
 effects of turbulent shear flow for surfacemounted, 79026
 Pair of CircularSection Cylinders Normal to and on Axis Aligned With Flow
 effects of roughness and spacing, 84015
 effects of subcritical or supercritical flow, 84015
 on downstream or upstream cylinder, 84015
 Pair of CircularSection Cylinders Normal to and on Axis Inclined to Flow
 effects of axis inclination, 84015
 effects of roughness and spacing, 84015
 effects of subcritical or supercritical flow, 84015
 on downstream or upstream cylinder, 84015
 Pair of CircularSection Cylinders Normal to and on Axis Normal to Flow
 effects of spacing in either subcritical or supercritical flow, 84015
 Paraboloidal Antennas
 discussion of hysteresis effects, 82031
 effects of focal length, incidence, shear flow and turbulence, 82031
 effects of perforated or slatted surface, 82031
 effects of shear flow, 82031
 Plain Flaps, 06014, 87024, AERO F.02.01.07
 RectangularSection Cylinders Normal to Flow
 blockage effects in ducts, 71016, 80024, 81021
 effects of edge rounding, 71016, 80003
 effects of section aspect ratio and turbulence in uniform flow, 71016
 effects of section aspect ratio, incidence and turbulence in shear flow, 80003
 effects of turbulent shear flow for surfacemounted, 80003
 SingleSlotted Flaps, 08013, 87005, AERO F.02.01.06, AERO F.02.01.07
 SingleSlotted Flaps
 Split Flaps, 74010, AERO F.02.01.07
 Spoilers (Perforated or Solid)
 estimation of increment due to deployment, 96026
 SquareSection Cylinders Normal to Flow
 blockage effects in ducts, 71016, 80024, 81021
 effects of edge rounding for various incidences, 71016, 80003
 effects of edge rounding with edge aligned symmetrically to flow, 79026
 effects of incidence and turbulence in shear flow, 80003
 effects of incidence and turbulence in uniform flow, 71016
 effects of turbulent shear flow for surfacemounted, 79026, 80003
 TriangularSection Cylinders With Edge Aligned Symmetrically and Normal to Flow
 effects of edge rounding and turbulence, 79026
 effects of turbulent shear flow for surfacemounted, 79026
 TriangularSection Cylinders With Face Normal to Flow
 effects of edge rounding and turbulence, 79026
 effects of turbulent shear flow for surfacemounted, 79026
 TSection Beams, 82007
 discussion of effects of hysteresis and turbulence, 82007
 effects of aspect ratio, incidence, yaw and velocity profile, 82007
 TwoDimensional CircularSection Cylinders Inclined or Normal to Flow, 80025
 effects of distributed roughness and turbulence, 80025
 TwoDimensional CircularSection Cylinders Normal to Flow
 effects of helical strakes, 80025
 effects of isolated spanwise protuberances, 80025
 effects of nearby flat surface, 80025
 effects of perforations or perforated shroud, 80025
 TwoDimensional RectangularSection Cylinders Normal to Flow
 effects of edge rounding, 71016
 effects of section aspect ratio and turbulence, 71016
 TwoDimensional SquareSection Cylinders Normal to Flow
 effects of edge rounding for various incidences, 71016
 effects of incidence and turbulence, 71016
 TwoDimensional Stranded Cables Inclined or Normal to Flow, 80025
 Wings
 in shockfree attached flow, 07002, 07003
 lift dependent contribution, 07002, 07003, 66031, 66032, 95025, 96025
 use of simple sweep rules, 97016
 use of strip theory on swept, 97016
 XSection Beams, 82007
 discussion of effects of hysteresis and turbulence, 82007
 effect of aspect ratio, incidence, yaw and velocity profile, 82007
 Definition, SS3
 Broadband and Discrete Frequency Components, 02020, 11005, 76020
 Discrete Frequency Far and NearField for Single Propeller With Axial or NonAxial Inflow (Static or Flight)
 estimation of unsteady lift coefficient for input to prediction program, 96027
 program for estimation from steady and unsteady loading data, 11005
 sound pressure levels and one third octave band spectra, 11005
 Discrete Frequency FarField for Single Static Propeller
 graphical estimation of maximum sound pressure levels, 76020
 Discussion of All Sources, 02020
 Aerodynamic Performance
 bibliography of methods of estimation, 75018
 Blade Planforms, 83001, PERF ED1/1
 Braking Thrust, PERF ED1/2
 discussion of use to decelerate aircraft, 85029
 estimation for piston engines, PERF ED1/2
 typical time delay for response, 85029
 Effect of FixedPitch or Constant Speed
 takeoff distance for aircraft of less than 12 500 lbf weight, 82033
 Effect on Rolling Moment in Sideslip, 06012
 Estimation of Uninstalled Thrust of Constant Speed, 83001
 effect of activity factor, disc loading, and forward and tip speeds, 83001
 effect of aerofoil section, 83001
 Estimation of Uninstalled Thrust of FixedPitch, 83028
 effect of forward speed at maximum rotation speed (engine throttled), 83028
 effect of forward speed below speed for maximum rotation speed, 83028
 effect of forward speed on rotation speed, 83028
 Estimation of Unsteady Lift Coefficient in NonAxial Inflow, 96027
 InPlane Forces on Single or ContraRotating Due to Local Angle of Attack or Sideslip
 prediction from thrust coefficient, advance ratio and solidity, 89047
 Lift and Longitudinal Forces on Propeller/ Nacelle/ Wing/ Flap Systems, 88031
 Moments on Single or ContraRotating Due to Local Angle of Attack or Sideslip
 prediction from thrust coefficient, advance ratio and solidity, 89047
 NonDimensional Coefficients
 definitions and numerical constants, 83001
 Relationship Between Solidity and Activity Factor, 89047
 Thrust Definitions
 freeair, net, minimumbody, propulsive, shaft, 85015, 85017
 Wake Modelling in Incidence and Sideslip, 06013
 Windmilling Drag, PERF ED1/1
 Pressure Drop Across, 66030
 see also
 Equations of Motion
 Static Aeroelasticity
 AirLift

 see
 Airlift Pumps
 Axial or MixedFlow
 RadialFlow
 Application of Multiple Units, 80030
 Cavitation and Its Avoidance, 80030
 definition of net positive suction head and specific speed, 80030, 80031
 Configurations, 80030, 80031
 Control
 bypass, throttle and speed, 80030
 Conversion Factors for Quantites Used, 81002
 Definitions and Terminology, 80030, 81001
 Electric Motors for Use With
 Estimation of Impeller Diameter, Efficiency, and Inlet and Discharge Bores, 80031
 Impeller Enclosures and Types, 80030, 81001
 Matching Characteristics to Those of System, 80030
 NonDimensional Parameters, 80030, 81001
 Practical Limits of Performance and Flow Rates, 80030
 Priming and Starting, 80030
 Similarity Laws, 80030, 81001
 use to predict effect of size and speed changes, 80030
 Specific Speed and Use to Typify Pumps, 80030
 Standards and Guarantee Tolerances, 80030
 Typical Performance Characteristics
 variation with flow rate and specific speed, 80030
 Water Hammer
 discussion of mechanism and methods of avoiding, 80030
 Prediction of Inertia and RunDown Characteristics
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