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Crack Detection
Selection of Non-Destructive Examination Method for Flaws, 91027
surface and sub-surface, 91027
Crack Length
Critical for Fast Fracture
see also
Aluminium Alloy Sheets
Steel Sheets
Titanium Alloy (Ti-6Al-4V)
determination using resistance curves (R-curves), 85031
Crack Propagation
see also
Aluminium Alloy Bars and Plates
Aluminium Alloy Forgings
Aluminium Alloy Sheets
Aluminium-Lithium Alloy Bars
Aluminium-Lithium Alloy Plates and Sheets
Austenitic Stainless Steels
High Alloy Steels
High Tensile Low Alloy Steels
Low Tensile Low Alloy Steels
Maraging Steels
Martensitic Stainless Steels
Precipitation Hardening Stainless Steels
Stress Intensity Factors
Threshold Stress Intensity Factor Range
Titanium Alloy (Ti-10V-2Fe-3Al)
Titanium Alloy (Ti-11Sn-5Zr-2Al-1Mo)
Titanium Alloy (Ti-2.5Cu)
Titanium Alloy (Ti-4Al-3Mo-1v)
Titanium Alloy (Ti-4Al-4Mo-2Sn-0.5Si)
Titanium Alloy (Ti-4Al-4Mo-4Sn-0.5Si)
Titanium Alloy (Ti-5Al-2.5Sn)
Titanium Alloy (Ti-6Al-2Sn-2Zr-2Mo)
Titanium Alloy (Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-2Mo)
Titanium Alloy (Ti-6Al-2Sn-4Zr-6Mo)
Titanium Alloy (Ti-6Al-4V)
Titanium Alloy (Ti-6Al-5Zr-0.5Mo-0.25Si)
Titanium Alloy (Ti-6Al-6V-2Sn)
Titanium Alloy (Ti-8Al-1Mo-1V)
Titanium Alloys
Titanium Sheets
Bibliography of Standard Solutions to Stress Intensity Factors, 80036
Introduction to Use of Linear Fracture Mechanics, 80036
Method of Calculating Crack Growth, 17003, 81011, 84001, 84003
Modes of Crack Opening, 80036
Surface Treatments of Steels to Inhibit
guidance on selection of appropriate, 89031
Under Fatigue Loading
dependence on stress intensity factor range, 80036
description of process, 71009, 80036
description of process in conjunction with fretting, 90031
differences in behaviour between long and short cracks, 80036, 92023, 92030
difficulty in calculating stress intensity factor for short cracks, 80036, 92023, 92030
discussion of effect of crack tip shielding, 80036
graph illustrating effect of crack tip shielding for corrosion resistant steels, 84003
in welded joints, from weld to parent material, 86013
plastic zone radius in plane strain or plane stress, 80036
stages in growth, 80036
threshold of stress intensity factor range and effect of stress ratio, 80036
Under Tension
conditions for plane strain, 80036
conditions for plane stress, 80036
crack growth curves (R-curves) for specific materials, 85031
fracture toughness and methods of testing, 80036
introduction to crack growth resistance curves (R-curves), 80036, 85031
plastic zone radius in plane strain or plane stress, 80036
residual strength and critical crack size, 80036
thickness effects on plane strain or plane stress, 80036
Cranes
Dynamic Response to Turbulence and Wind
see
Response of Buildings and Structures
Response of Buildings and Structures To Atmospheric Turbulence
Response of Buildings and Structures To Vortex Shedding
Mean Forces and Moments Due to Wind
see
Overturning Moment on Surface-mounted Structures
Profile Drag
Sideforce
Torsional Moment on Structures
Mechanical Vibration Characteristics
see
Buildings
Crankcase Oils
see
Engine Oils
Crank-rocker Mechanisms
see also
Balancing of Linkages
Force Balancing of Linkages
Linkages
Moment Balancing of Linkages
Analysis, 10019, 76005, 81033, ME1
Coupler Maximum End-Load and Corresponding Crank Angle, 76005, ME1
Crank Angle Between Dead Centres, 76005, ME1
Crank Maximum Inertia Torque and Corresponding Crank Angle, 76005, 81033, ME1
Design Practical Considerations, 76005, ME1
Extreme Transmission Angles, 76005, 81033, ME1
Parallel-Coupler, 76005, 81033, ME1
Performance Curves for One Complete Crank Rotation
coupler acceleration, 81033
coupler angle of swing, 81033
coupler pin force, 81033
coupler velocity, 81033
crank inertia torque, 81033
rocker acceleration, 81033
rocker angle of swing, 81033
rocker velocity, 81033
transmission angle, 81033
Pin Forces
equations and program for forces at all joints by kinetostatic method, 90022
equations for forces at coupler joints using simple idealisations, 76005, ME1
Return Ratio, 76005, ME1
Rocker Angle at Extended Dead Centre, 76005, ME1
Rocker Maximum Velocity and Corresponding Crank Angle, 76005, 81033, ME1
Rocker Total Angle of Swing, 76005, 81033, ME1
Synthesis, 76005, ME1
Worked Example Illustrating Use of OSMEC Program to Analyse and Design, 98023
Worked Examples Crank-Rocker Linkage and Ackermann Steering Linkage, 10019
Cranks
see
Wing Cranks or Notches
Creep Behaviour
Of Various Metallic Materials
aluminium, magnesium and titanium alloys, and nickel steels and steels 00932 (MMDH)
Crippling
see
Struts of Channel Section
Struts of I-section
Struts of Lipped or Unlipped Z-section
Struts of Tubular Section
Criteria of Failure
see
Failure Criteria
Criteria of Yielding
see
Yielding
Critical Conditions in Fluid Flow
see also
Flow Separation
Aerofoils
prediction of critical Mach number from incompressible inviscid pressure distribution, 74008
Aerofoils of High-Speed Section (or Elliptical Section)
variation of critical Mach number with lift coefficient and thickness, AERO W.00.03.01
Choking in Duct Flow
see
Choking Conditions in Duct Flow
One-dimensional Flow
Dry-Out in Boiling Flow
see
Boiling Flow in Pipes
Effect of Transition on Separation and Drag of Bluff Bodies Normal to Flow
description of flow conditions, 71012
pair of circular-section cylinders, 84015
square- and rectangular-section cylinders with rounded edges, 71016
two-dimensional circular-section cylinders in a duct, 80024
two-dimensional circular-section cylinders normal or inclined to flow, 80025
Flooding Limits in Condensers
see
Reflux Condensers
Shell-and-tube Heat Exchangers
Flow Limits in Heat Pipes
see
Heat Pipes
Forebody-Cylinders at Incidence
Reynolds numbers for various stability regimes, 89014
Intakes
area or mass flow ratio for onset of spillage on all cowls, 84004
area or mass flow ratio for onset of spillage on NACA 1-series cowls, 81024
for operation of double or single ramp rectangular external-compression, 75005
Response to Vortex Shedding of Circular or Polygonal Cross-Section Structures
to switch from broad- to narrow-band or vice versa, 96030
Transition From Laminar to Turbulent Flow
see
Transition
Transition From Laminar to Wavy Laminar in Gravity Controlled Evaporating Annular Film
Reynolds number, 98010
Tube Bundles in Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers
for fluidelastic instability and for response to wake shedding, 87019
Wings
determination of Mach number normal to given swept isobar and critical pressure coefficient, 75027
prediction of type of pitch-break based on planform geometry, 01005
Critical Crack Length
For Fast Fracture
see
Crack Length
Critical Damping Coefficient
Definition for Linear System, 66013, 77032
Critical Stress Intensity Factor
see
Fracture Toughness
Threshold Stress Intensity Factor Range
Cross Flow Curve Model
see
Non-newtonian Fluids
Crossflow Heat Exchangers
see also
Condensing Flow Over Low-finned Tubes
Forced Convection Heat Transfer
Fouling
Fouling in Combustion Plant
Fouling in Cooling Water Systems
Fouling in Crude Oil Distillation Plant
Free Convection Heat Transfer
Heat Exchangers
Mixed Forced-free Convection Heat Transfer
Pressure Drop Across Tube Banks
Pressure Drop in Internal Flow
Roughness
Cost Data for Air-Cooled With Various Fluids as Function of Heat Load and Operating Pressure, 92013
effect of bundle length, tube diameter and type, and operating noise, 94043
use in selection of heat exchanger type for given duty, 92013
Four-Pass With Co- or Counter-Current Flow, Mixed or Unmixed
charts of thermal effectiveness for design/performance rating, 98005
effect of header or U-tube connections of tubes, 98005
maximum heat transfer effectiveness, 98005
prediction of temperature meet (cross) between streams, 98005
Guidance on Selection of Types on Basis of Thermal Performance, 98004
Prediction of Acoustic Resonance for In-Line or Staggered Tube Bundles
acoustic damping for suppression of resonance, 88028
acoustic Strouhal number, 88028
modes and isobars for circular duct, 88028
types of potential damage from, 88028
typical wave form in rectangular duct, 88028
use of deresonating baffles or other solution methods, 88028
Serpentine With Co- or Counter-Current Flow and Various Numbers of Tube Passes
charts of thermal effectiveness for design/performance rating, 98005
maximum heat transfer effectiveness, 98004, 98005
prediction of temperature meet (cross) between co-current streams, 98005
Single-Pass With Various Mixing Assumptions
charts of thermal effectivenesss for design/performance rating, 98005
maximum heat transfer effectiveness, 98004, 98005
prediction of temperature meet (cross) between streams, 98005
Three-Pass With Co- or Counter-Current Flow, Mixed or Unmixed
charts of thermal effectiveness for design/performance rating, 98005
effect of header or U-tube connections of tubes, 98005
maximum heat transfer effectiveness, 98004, 98005
prediction of temperature meet (cross) between co-current streams, 98005
Two-Pass With Co- or Counter-Current Flow, Part-Mixed or Unmixed
charts of thermal effectiveness for design/performance rating, 98005
effect of header or U-tube connection of tubes, 98005
maximum heat transfer effectiveness, 98004, 98005
prediction of temperature meet (cross) between streams, 98005
Vibration of Tube Bank
effect of buffeting on wear and life, 87019
mechanisms causing, 87019
methods of reducing risk, 87019
prediction of fluidelastic instability, 87019
prediction of natural frequency of tubes, 87019
response to wake shedding, 87019
Worked Example of Use of Thermal Effectiveness Data, 98006
Cross-wind Force
see
Sideforce
Cruciform Fins/wings
see also
Wing-body Combination
Effect on Base Drag of Cylindrical Afterbodies at Supersonic Speeds
Effect on Body Drag-Rise Mach Number
zero angle of attack, 74013
Effect on Pitching Moment Derivative Due to Acceleration in Heave
low incidence and supersonic speeds, 91004
Effect on Pitching Moment Derivative Due to Rate of Pitch
low incidence and supersonic speeds, 91004
Mounted at or Upstream of Base, 97022
Normal Force on Sharp-Edged Delta, Cropped Delta and Rectangular
symmetric configuration (with one wing in plane of symmetry), 90013
Pitching Moment on Sharp-Edged Delta, Cropped Delta and Rectangular
symmetric configuration (with one wing in plane of symmetry), 90013
Rolling Moment Derivative Due to Rolling
delta, cropped delta or rectangular on cylindrical body, AERO A.S.06.03.01, AERO A.S.06.03.03
Cruciform Joints
see
Welded Joints in Steels
Welded Transverse Joints in Aluminium Alloys
Welded Transverse Joints in Steels Under Axial Loading
Welded Transverse Joints in Steels Under Bending
Crude Petroleum
see also
Fouling in Crude Oil Distillation Plant
Composition, 71003
Cruise
see
Endurance (Flight Time)
Flight Path Optimisation
Range
Specific Air Range
Specific Endurance
Cruise-climb
see
Endurance (Flight Time)
Flight Path Optimisation
Range
Cubes
Dynamic Response to Turbulence and Wind
see
Response of Buildings and Structures
Response of Buildings and Structures To Atmospheric Turbulence
Response of Buildings and Structures To Vortex Shedding
Mean Forces, Moments and Pressures Due to Wind or Other Fluid Flows
see
Axial Force
Base Pressure
Bluff Bodies
Derivatives
Internal Pressure
Pressure Distribution
Profile Drag
Sideforce
Torsional Moment on Structures
Cumulative Distribution Function
see
Statistics
Cumulative Fatigue Damage
see
Fatigue Under Variable Amplitude Loading
Curved Beams
Under Bending in Plane of Curvature
deflections, flange efficiency factors and stresses, 71004
Curved Ducts
Stress Analysis
see
Pipe Bends (unrestrained)
Pipe Bends (with End Flanges)
Pipe Bends (with Straight Pipe Attachments)
With Internal Flow
see also
Forced Convection Heat Transfer
Noise in Air-conditioning Duct Systems
Pipes with Internal Flow
Pressure Drop in Gas- or Vapour-liquid Internal Flow
Pressure Drop in Internal Flow
design information for guide vanes, 83037
Curved Panels
see also
Curved Rectangular Plates
Curved Sandwich Panels (Cores of Negligible Flexural Stiffness)
Curved Specially-orthotropic Rectangular Plates
Curved Square Plates
Curved Unbalanced Laminated Rectangular Plates
Damping Ratio Values
variation with frequency, 73011
Dynamic Response to Excitation
see
Response of Lightweight Structures
Post-Buckling Analysis Under Shear
angle of diagonal tension and of maximum tensile stress in plate, 77018
compressive stress in frames and stiffeners, 77018
diagonal tension factor, 77018
inward radial loading on frames and stiffeners, 77018
maximum tensile stress in plate, 77018
Under Shear
buckling stress for simply-supported edges, STRUCT 02.03.18, STRUCT 02.03.19
Curved Pipes
Stress Analysis
see
Pipe Bends (unrestrained)
Pipe Bends (with End Flanges)
Pipe Bends (with Straight Pipe Attachments)
With Internal Flow
see also
Forced Convection Heat Transfer
Noise in Air-conditioning Duct Systems
Pipes with Internal Flow
Pressure Drop in Gas- or Vapour-liquid Internal Flow
Pressure Drop in Internal Flow
design information for guide vanes, 83037
Curved Rectangular Plates
see also
Curved Panels
Curved Sandwich Panels (Cores of Negligible Flexural Stiffness)
Curved Specially-orthotropic Rectangular Plates
Curved Square Plates
Curved Unbalanced Laminated Rectangular Plates
Dynamic Response
mode shapes with fixed edges, 87002
natural frequencies, edges fixed, 87002
natural frequencies, edges simply-supported, 87002
Dynamic Response to Excitation
see also
Response of Lightweight Structures
estimation of stresses under acoustic loading, 72005
Dynamic Response to Excitation Above Ring Frequency
equation for coupling loss factor for connected, 98020, 99009
equation for modal density in bending, 99009
Under Compression-and-Tension (Biaxial, Uniform) With Normal Pressure
buckling stress for simply-supported edges, STRUCT 02.01.50
Under Compression (Biaxial, Uniform) With Normal Pressure
buckling stress for simply-supported edges, STRUCT 02.01.50
Under Compression (Uniaxial, Uniform) With Normal Pressure
average and edge stresses for clamped edges, STRUCT 02.01.11
buckling stress for clamped edges, STRUCT 02.01.10
introduction, 72012
Under Compression (Uniaxial, Uniform) With Shear and Normal Pressure
buckling stress for various edge conditions, STRUCT 02.04.01
Under Normal Pressure (Uniform)
deflections and stresses for various edge conditions, 69019
Under Shear
buckling stress for simply-supported edges, STRUCT 02.03.18, STRUCT 02.03.19
Curved Sandwich Panels (Cores of Negligible Flexural Stiffness)
see also
Sandwich Panels and Plates
Isotropic Faceplates
natural frequencies, 72016
stress response to acoustic loading, 72017
Orthotropic Faceplates
program for lower natural frequencies (bending modes), 86024
program for natural frequencies, 85037
program for strain response to acoustic loading, 86024
Curved Specially-orthotropic Rectangular Plates
see also
Corner Section in Specially-orthotropic Plates
Laminated Construction Using Composites
Program for Lower Natural Frequencies
with uniform in-plane biaxial loading, 89011
Program for Stress Response to Acoustic Loading, 84008
Under Compression-and-Tension (Biaxial, Uniform) With Normal Pressure
buckling stress for simply-supported edges, 94007
Under Compression (Biaxial, Uniform) With Normal Pressure
buckling stress for simply-supported edges, 94007
Curved Square Plates
see also
Curved Rectangular Plates
Under Normal Pressure (Uniform) on Concave or Convex Face
centre deflection for various edge conditions, 87036
centre membrane stress for various edge conditions, 87036
centre stress in unloaded face for various edge conditions, 87036
greater stress at mid-point of edge for various edge conditions, 87036
prediction of snap-through for convex plates, 87036
Curved Tubes
Stress Analysis
see
Pipe Bends (unrestrained)
Pipe Bends (with End Flanges)
Pipe Bends (with Straight Pipe Attachments)
With Internal Flow
see also
Forced Convection Heat Transfer
Noise in Air-conditioning Duct Systems
Pipes with Internal Flow
Pressure Drop in Gas- or Vapour-liquid Internal Flow
Pressure Drop in Internal Flow
design information for guide vanes, 83037
Curved Unbalanced Laminated Rectangular Plates
see also
Laminated Construction Using Composites
Program for Lower Natural Frequencies
with uniform in-plane biaxial loading, 89011
Curve Fitting
see also
Beta Functions
Regression
Similarity Laws
Algebraic Functions for Various Types of Curves and Example Curves
brief consideration of advantages and limitations of various fitting functions, 01011
guidance on appropriate use of various fitting functions, 01011
logic functions for use with discontinuous curves or with ramp functions, 01011
polynomials, Legendre polynomials, and rational and peak functions, 01011
various single-term functions including trigonometric and hyperbolic functions, 01011
Sketches of Various Curve Shapes and Guidance on Functions Likely to Fit, 01011
Cut-out
At Fuselage/Lifting Surface Intersection
effect on lift-curve slope, AERO W.01.01.04
Cutting Oils
Dynamic Viscosity
typical values, 71003
Kinematic Viscosity
typical values, 71003
Cyclic Loading
see
Fatigue Loading
Cyclones
see
Tropical Storms
Cylinders of Circular Section
see
Beams of Circular Section
Cylinders of Circular Section (Flow About)
Cylinders of Circular Section (Strength and Vibration)
Cylinders of Circular Section with Flat Ends
Cylinders of Circular Section with Torispherical Ends
Cylinders of Laminated Construction
Heat Transfer
Radiation Heat Transfer
Struts of Tubular Section
Cylinders of Circular Section (Flow About)
Banks of Circular Cylinders or Plain Tubes Normal to Flow
see
Crossflow Heat Exchangers
Forced Convection Heat Transfer
Pressure Drop Across Obstructions in Ducts
Pressure Drop Across Tube Banks
Response of Buildings and Structures
Pairs of Circular Cylinders or Plain Tubes Normal to Flow
see
Profile Drag
Response of Buildings and Structures
Sideforce
Single Circular Cylinder or Plain Tube Aligned With or at Small Incidence to Flow
see
Base Drag (without Blowing or Jet Efflux)
Base Drag with Central Propulsive Jet
Boundary Layer
Cone Cylinders
Ellipsoidal-nosed Cylinders
Equilibrium Surface Temperature
Flow Separation
Forebody-cylinders
Ogive Cylinders
Response of Lightweight Structures
Skin Friction Drag
Single Circular Cylinder or Plain Tube Normal to or Inclined at Large Angles to Flow
see
Axial Force
Base Pressure
Bluff Bodies
Cone Cylinders
Critical Conditions in Fluid Flow
Ellipsoidal-nosed Cylinders
Excrescences
Forced Convection Heat Transfer
Forebody-cylinders
Free Convection Heat Transfer
Internal Pressure
Normal Force
Ogive Cylinders
Overturning Moment on Surface-mounted Structures
Pressure Distribution
Pressure Drop Across Obstructions in Ducts
Profile Drag
Response of Buildings and Structures
Response of Buildings and Structures To Atmospheric Turbulence
Response of Buildings and Structures To Vortex Shedding
Response of Lightweight Structures
Sideforce
Vortex Shedding
Small Groups of Circular Cylinders or Plain Tubes Normal to Flow
see
Response of Buildings and Structures
Cylinders of Circular Section (Strength and Vibration)
see also
Beams in General
Beams of Circular Section
Cylinders of Circular Section with Flat Ends
Cylinders of Circular Section with Torispherical Ends
Cylinders of Laminated Construction
Response of Lightweight Structures
Shells
Struts in General
Struts of Tubular Section
Considerations in Design Against Acoustic Fatigue, 86025
Modal Density, 78004
Natural Frequencies of Thick Shells Simply-Supported
applicability of thin shell theories, 81018
coupled modes, 81018
effect of Poisson's ratio, 81018
maximum deflections and stresses and their locations, 81018
mode shapes, 81018
torsional modes, 81018
Natural Frequencies of Thin-Walled Stiffened Shells
effect of initial axial loading, 80040
effect of internal pressure loading, 80040
effect of using external or internal stringers, 80040
mode shapes, 80040
program, discrete-stiffener model (simply-supported ends), 80040
program, smeared-stiffener model (all end conditions), 80040
test of validity of smeared-stiffener model, 80040
torsional modes, 80040
Natural Frequencies of Thin-Walled Unstiffened Shells
coupled and inextensional flexural modes, 78004
effect of end conditions (clamped, free, simply-supported), 78004
effect of initial axial and circumferential stress, 78004
effect of Poisson's ratio, 78004
Love and Rayleigh modes, 78004
mode shapes, 78004
torsional modes, 78004
Stress Concentration in Rods and Tubes
see
Circular Holes in Round Rods and Tubes
Grooves of Flat-bottomed Section in Rods
Grooves of Flat-bottomed Section Inside or Outside Tubes
Grooves of U-section in Rods
Grooves of U-section Inside or Outside Tubes
Under Axial Compression
see also
Struts of Tubular Section
estimation of local buckling stress and influence of end effects, 83034
internal pressure effects on local buckling, 83034
statistical study of effect of initial irregularities on local buckling, 83034
Under Axial Compression and Bending
estimation of buckling stress, 84006
Under Bending
bending moment for collapse (Brazier's effect), 84006
estimation of local buckling stress and influence of end effects, 84006
internal pressure effects on buckling, 84006
Under Differential Temperature Across Thickness
steady-state stress distribution, 89027
Under External Pressure
collapse coefficients, STRUCT 04.09.01
Under Internal Pressure
fatigue strength, 67014
stress concentration due to bore eccentricity, 68047
stress concentration due to initial non-circularity, 68048
Under Torsion
estimation of buckling stress and influence of end effects, 84012
internal pressure effects on buckling, 84012
plasticity correction to buckling stress, 84012
Cylinders of Circular Section with Flat Ends
Under External or Internal Pressure
maximum stresses, 66010
Cylinders of Circular Section with Torispherical Ends
Under External or Internal Pressure
maximum stresses, 67017
Cylinders of Elliptical Section
see also
Centre of Pressure
Critical Conditions in Fluid Flow
Overturning Moment on Surface-mounted Structures
Profile Drag
Response of Buildings and Structures
Response of Buildings and Structures To Atmospheric Turbulence
Sideforce
Under Internal Pressure
Maximum Stresses, 68048
Cylinders of Laminated Construction
see also
Laminated Construction Using Composites
Under Differential Temperature Across Thickness
steady-state stress distribution, 89027
steady-state temperature distribution, 89027
Cylindrical Roller Bearings
see
Contact Phenomena
Elastohydrodynamic Lubrication
Grease in Rolling Bearings
Rolling Bearings
Rolling Bearings for Specialised Applications

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